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Flashcards in Chapter 3 Deck (11):
1

Non diatonic scales

1. may have more or less than 8 notes
2. may or may not begin/end on the same note
3. don't have a tonic and therefore DON'T determine the key of the piece
4. don't have technical names for the degrees of the scale

2

Whole tone scale

1. six different notes, each separated by a semitone
2. first and last notes the same
3. NO semitones (hence the name)

3

Whole tone scale beginning and ending on C

C, D, E, F#, G#, A#, C
3 white, 3 black, 1 white

4

Whole tone scale beginning and ending on C#

C#, D#, F, G, A, B, C#
2 black, 4 white, 1 black

5

Chromatic scale

1. 13 notes
2. first and last notes the same
3. doesn't indicate key of piece
4. NO whole tones

6

How to write a (harmonic) chromatic scale (see page 23)

1. Consider the starting note as the tonic, and write all the tonic and dominant notes, leaving space for the other notes (only 1 per pitch)
2. Add all the other notes in twice each
3. Add accidentals; raised going up, lowered going down

Watch key signature!

7

Pentatonic scale

1. 5 notes
2. W, W, minor 3rd, W
3. doh, re, mi, sol, la, doh

8

Pentatonic scale beginning on F#

F#, G#, A#, C#, D#, F#
Minor 3rd between A# and C#
All of the black keys

9

Pentatonic scale beginning on C

C, D, E, G, A, C
Minor 3rd between E and G
All white keys; a C major scale minus F and A

10

Blues scale

1. six notes
2. a key signature may be used
3. NO technical names for the degrees of the scale

11

How to write a blues scale

1. natural minor scale
2. omit 2nd and 6th degrees
3. add an augmented 4th above the starting note