chapter 3 Flashcards Preview

pspa 203 > chapter 3 > Flashcards

Flashcards in chapter 3 Deck (26):
1

paradigm

a typical pattern or model of something
key role in sciences
neither true or false

2

what was the first paradigm

positivism, Comte, society is a phenomenon that can be studied scientifically

3

macro theory

aimed at understanding the big picture of things and the interactions among societies

4

micro theory

understanding social life at an intimate level

5

meso theory

macro + micro

6

social darwinism and Herbert spencer

evolution through natural selection
HS; translation of darwinism into societies and how they evolve over time

7

conflict paradigm

human behavior attempts to dominate and not be dominated

marx
George simmel; small scale conflict

Michel Choss; international and global competition

8

symbolic interactionism

start of human psych
human behavior as the creation of meaning of social interactions

George cooley; through the looking glass

George mead; taking the role of the other (language as a starting point)

George simmel; how individuals act with one another

9

list paradims

conflict
social darwinism
symbolic interactionism
positivism
ethnomethodology
social functionalism
feminism

10

ethnomethodology

Harold Garfinkle

reality is constructed (opp of comte and epistemology)

mythology of the people

people create social structures through their actions and interactions creating realities

11

social functionalism

social entity viewed as an org
society is divided into parts, all of which work together to serve the common people

un bodies for eg

12

feminism

1. understand societies through the experience of women
2. examine the deprived status of women in society

13

feminist standpoint theory

women realize their status and experiences that aren't available to men

14

critical race theory

race awareness and trying to achieve racial justice

WEB Dubois; roots in the civil rights movement

dual consciousness; living as american and as black

Derrik Bell; Interest convergence;
superior groups will only help the minorities if it helps serve their cause/ interests

15

rational objectivity

comte reconsidered;
society can be studied rationally and objectively

16

criticism of positivism

post-modernism
realism

17

post modernism

who says reality doesn't exist?
questions objective reality

18

realism

things are real if they produce effects

19

axiom

true assertion on which a theory is grounded

20

proposition

specific conclusion

21

operationalization

developing operational definitions
specifying the operations involved in measuring a variable

22

deductive reasoning

traditional model of science

23

null hypothesis

there is no relationship between the 2 variables

24

deductive reasoning steps

hypothesize
observe
accept or reject hypo

25

inductive reasoning steps

observe
find pattern
come up with a tentative conclusion

26

difference between deductive and inductive

ded; research is used to test theories

in; theories are developed from analysis of data