Chapter 3 7N1 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 3 7N1 Deck (26):
1

Cells

The building blocks of life which are the smallest parts of an organism.

2

Tissues


A group of cells working together to make a tissue.

3

Organs

A group of tissues working together to make an organ.

4

Organ system

A group of organs working together to make an organ system.

5

Organism

Any living thing (for example, a human or a plant) with a group of organ systems working together.

6

Respiration word equation

Glousce (food)+oxygen=energy+carbon dioxide+water vapour.

7

Ribcage

The bones that protect the vital organs like lungs.

8

Alveolus

The part of the body (inside the lungs) which performs gas exchange. It is also known as the air sac.

9

Lungs

The organs where the respiratory system occurs.

10

Trachea

A tube-like objects with rings of cartilage made to inhale/exhale air to/from the lungs.

11

Muscle

A group of tissues working together to make a muscle (which is an organ). A muscle can move the body with its ability.

12

Heart

A vital organ which moves blood vessels throughout the body and is part of the circulatory system.

13

Bronchus

A tube moving air towards the alveolus.

14

Bronchiole

A big amount of smaller tubes dividing the air from the bronchus.

15

Nitrogen

An unnoticeable gas which forms approximately 78% of the air we inhale.

16

Oxygen

A gas which is essential for for life.

17

Tendon

The part that joins a muscle and bone.

18

Ligament

The part that joins 2 bones together.

19

Bone

Tissues that produce an object which is hard and protects vital organs.

20

Joint

The part which joins 2 bones together.

21

Muscle

The part which gives the skeleton the ability to move.

22

Antagonistic pairs

2 muscles working in opposite places and works together.

23

Synovial fluid

A fluid found in synovial joints.

24

Cartilige

A tissue at both ends of bones to prevent them from wearing out by rubbing together.

25

Inhalation

Breathing in air.

26

Exhalation

Breathing out air.