Chapter 3 & 4: Understanding Software and Data Asset Flashcards Preview

BIM Final Exam > Chapter 3 & 4: Understanding Software and Data Asset > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 3 & 4: Understanding Software and Data Asset Deck (14):

What is the definition of software?

Refers to a computer program that enables computing devices to perform tasks by giving instructions to hardware


What are the four layers of technology?

1. Hardware
2. Operating System
3. Applications
4. Users


What is a operating system?

Set of controls for managing computer hardware, making it easer to interact with computers


Whats a user interface?

The mechanism through which users interact with computing devices


What is firmware?

Software stored on non-volatile memory chips


What are embedded systems?

Special-purpose software designed and included inside physical products


What are applications?

Programmes that enable the execution of specific tasks


What are database management systems?

DMBS sotres and retrieves the data an application creates and uses


When is data turned into information?

When data is presented together with a context that provides one with an answer or supports decision making


What are two requirements for data mining to work?

1. Organization needs data that is consistent and clean
2. Events in the used data need to reflect current and future trends


What is a statistical fluke?

When what seems to be a pattern is created by a coincidence


What are expert systems?

AI systems that leverage rules or examples to perform a task by mimicking human expertise


What are genetic algorithms?

Algorithms that examine solutions to a problem by comparing and re-arranging existing models to search for best alternatives


What are technological advantages of Walmart?

1. Data driven value chain
2. Data minin prowess
3. Keeping secrets while sharing data