Chapter 3 Body Parts Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 3 Body Parts Deck (33):
1

What are Cells?

The Building blocks of life

2

What is Tissue

It is something in the body made up of many cells, eg. A muscle

3

What is an organ?

An organ is something in a body which is made up of many tissues, eg. A lung. Each organ has a unique job such as breathing or pumping blood around the body

4

What is an Organ system?

It is a system in the body which is made up of many organs and does jobs in your body to keep you alive, eg. The circulatory system or the breathing system

5

An organism

An organism is made up of many organ systems and is what the body is

6

Organism hierachy

Organism
I
Organ System
I
Organ
I
Tissue
I
Cell

7

Tendon

A tendon is what joins a muscle onto a bone

8

Ligament

A ligament is what joins two bones together

9

Bone

A bone is part of the skeletal system and holds your body up in shape.

10

Joint

A joint is where 2 bones meet

11

Muscle

A muscle is made up of tissue and produces movement in the body

12

Antagonistic pairs

Pairs of muscles that move in oppositely

13

Synovial fluid

A fluid between some joints that prevents the bones scraping together to prevent friction

14

Cartialige

A rubbery like substance that is slightly stretchy and covers each end of each bone to stop friction between them

15

Bone marrow

Inside a bone and is blood is produced there

16

Inhalation

Breathing in

17

Where are the biceps

On the top of your humerous

18

Where are your triceps

On your humerus facing outwards(on the bottom of you humerus)

19

Where is your hamstring

On the back of your upper leg

20

Another name for sternum

Chest bone

21

Another name for pattella

Knee cap

22

Another name for cranium

Skull

23

Another name for backbine

Spine

24

Another name for mandible

Jaw

25

Biggest bone in your body

Femur

26

What is a hinge joint?

It is a joint that can move 180° like a hinge and does not have synovial fluid in it. An example of this is an elbow

27

Ball and socket join

It can rotate 360° and has synovial fluid in it. The reason it can't literally move 360° is because our muscles stop it. An example of this is the hip or shoulder

28


Pivot joint

A pivot joint can rotate 180° around the other bones and an example of this is the neck

29

Fixed/fused joints

Cannot grow or move as the bones are fused together. An example is the skull

30

Where is the ulna

In the arm

31

What is in between each vertabrae

A ring of cartilage.

32

Where is the metacarpels

I. The hand

33

Where is the metacarpels

I. The hand