Chapter 3 Diagnostic Medicine And Pharmacology Flashcards Preview

Medical Terminology > Chapter 3 Diagnostic Medicine And Pharmacology > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 3 Diagnostic Medicine And Pharmacology Deck (111):
0

Glycos/o

Glucose
Sugar

1

Albumin/o

Albumin
Protein

2

Calc/I

Calcium
Lime
The heel

3

Creatin/o

Creatinine

4

Hemat/o

Blood
Relating to blood

5

Lapar/o

Abdomen
Abdominal wall

6

Phleb/o
Ven/o

Vein

7

Radi/o

Radiation
X-rays

8

Son/o
Ech/o

Sound

9

-uria

Urination
Urine

10

Hyperthermia

Extremely high temperature

11

Hypothermia

Abnormally low temperature

12

Vital signs

Temperature
Pulse
Respiration
Blood pressure

13

Pulse (P)

Rhythmic pressure against walls of an artery caused by beating of heart

14

Respiration (R)
Respiratory rate (RR)

Number of complete breaths per minute
12-20 per minute is normal

15

Blood pressure (BP)

Force of blood against walls of artery
Systolic over diastolic reading

16

Sphygmomanometer

Records blood pressure

17

Auscultation

Listening for sounds within the body
Usually performed with stethoscope

18

Rale

Known as crackle
Crackle-like sound heard through stethoscope during inspiration

19

Rhonchi

Coarse rattling sounds that are somewhat like snoring; usually caused by secretions in bronchial airways

20

Stridor

Abnormal high-pitched musical breathing sound caused by blockage in the throat or larynx

21

Bruit

Abnormal sound or murmur heard during auscultation of an artery; due to partially blocked, narrowed, diseased artery

22

Auscult/a
Auscult/o

To listen

23

Percussion

Diagnostic procedure designed to determine density of a body part by the sound produced by tapping the surface with the fingers

24

Ophthalmoscope

Instrument used to examine interior of the eye

25

Otoscope

Instrument used to visually examine the external ear canal and tympanic membrane

26

Ot/o

Ear

27

Ophthalm/o

Eye

28

Speculum

Instrument used to enlarge the opening of any canal or cavity to facilitate inspection of its interior

29

Stethoscope

Instrument used to listen to sounds within the body

30

Steth/o

Chest

31

Recumbent

Any position in which the patient is lying down (front, back, or side)

32

Lithotomy position

Patient is lying on back, face up, with the feet and legs raised and supported in stir ups

33

Prone position

Patient is laying on abdomen face down

34

Sims' position

Patient laying on the left side with the right knee and thigh drawn up with the left arm placed along the back

35

Phlebotomist

Medical patient trained to draw blood from patients for various laboratory tests and other procedures

36

Complete blood cell count

Series of tests performed as a group to evaluate several blood conditions

37

Erythrocyte sedimentation rate

Test based on speed with which the red blood cells separate from the plasma and fall to the bottom of a specialized tube. Elevated rate indicates inflammation

38

Hematocrit

Describes percentage by volume of a blood sample occupied by red cells; uses to diagnose abnormal states of hydration and polycythemia/anemia

39

Red blood cell count

Determination is number of erythrocytes in blood; indicates anemia or hemorrhage

40

White blood count

Determination of number of leukocytes in blood; indicates infection or inflammation

41

Basic metabolic profile

Group of 8 specific blood tests that provide info about kidneys, electrolyte balance, blood sugar, and calcium levels

42

Blood urea nitrogen test

Measures amount of nitrogen in blood due to waste product urea; indicates kidney function

43

Urinalysis

Examination of physical and chemical properties of urine

44

Albuminuria

Presence of albumin in urine; high test levels indicate impaired kidney function

45

Bacteriuria

Presence of bacteria in blood

46

Calciuria

Presence of calcium in urine

47

Creatinuria

Increased concentration of creatinine in the urine; creatinine is waste usually removed by kidneys

48

Glycosuria

Presence if glucose in urine usually caused by diabetes

49

Hematuria

Presence of blood in urine

50

Ketonuria

Presence of ketones in urine; ketones form when body breaks down fat; indicates starvation or uncontrolled diabetes

51

Proteinuria

Presence of abnormal amount of protein in urine; indicates kidney disease

52

Pyuria

Presence of pus in urine
Urine looks cloudy

53

Endoscopy

Visual examination of the interior of a body cavity

54

Laparoscopy

Visual examination of the interior of the abdomen with the use of a laparoscope that is passed through a small incision in the abdominal wall

55

Arthrocentesis

Surgical puncture of joint space to remove synovial fluid for analysis to determine cause of pain or swelling in a joint

56

Pericardiocentesis

Puncture of pericardial sac to remove fluid

57

Cardi/o

Heart

58

Radiopaque

Substance does not allow x-rays to pass through; white or light grey on film

59

Radiolucent

Substance allows x-rays to pass through; black or dark grey on film

60

Barium

Radiopaque contrast medium used primarily to visualize gastrointestinal tract

61

Interventional radiology

Use of radiographic imaging to guide a procedure such as a biopsy

62

Computed tomography
CT

Uses thin fan shaped x-Ray beam that rotates around the patient to produce multiple cross-sectional views of the body

63

Magnetic resonance imaging
MRI

Uses combo of radio waves and strong magnetic field to create signals that are sent to a computer and converted into images of any plane through the body

64

Magnetic resonance angiography
MRA

Helps locate problems within blood vessels throughout the body

65

Fluoroscopy

Visualization of body parts in motion by projecting x-Ray images on a luminous fluorescent screen

66

Ultrasonography

Imaging of deep body structures by recording echoes of sound wave pulses that are above range of human hearing

67

Fluor/o

Glowing

68

Ultra-

Beyond

69

Ket/o
Keton/o

Ketones

70

Protein/o

Protein

71

Muscul/o

Muscle

72

Single photon emission computed tomography
SPECT

Type of nuclear imaging test that produces 3D computer-reconstructed images showing perfusion through tissues and organs

73

Perfusion

Flow of blood through an organ

74

Positron emission tomography
PET

Combines tomography with radionuclide tracers to produce enhanced images of selected body organs or areas

75

ac

Before meals

76

ad lib

As desired

77

Amt

Amount

78

bid

Twice a day

79

pc

After meals

80

po

By mouth

81

prn

As needed

82

qh

Every hour

83

qd

Every day

84

qid

Four times a day

85

Rx

Prescription

86

sig

To be labeled accordingly

87

tid

Three times a day

88

@

At

89

/c

With

90

Adverse drug reaction

Undesirable reaction that accompanies the principal response for which the drug was taken

91

Compliance

Patient's consistency and accuracy in following regimen prescribed by a physician or other health care professional

92

Contraindication

Factor in patient's condition that makes the use of a medication or specific treatment dangerous or ill-advised

93

Idiosyncratic reaction

Unexpected reaction to a drug that is peculiar to the individual

94

Palliative

Substance that eases pain or severity of the symptoms of a disease but does not cure it

95

Placebo

Inactive substance administered for suggestive effects

96

Antipyretic

Medication administered to prevent or reduce fever

97

Analgesic

Class of drugs that relieves pain without affecting consciousness

98

Contra-

Against

99

-crit

Separate

100

-meter

Device used to measure

101

Derm/o
Dermat/o

Skin

102

Transdermal

Medication administered from a patch applied to unbroken skin

103

Intravenous injection

Made directly into a vein

104

Intradermal injection

Made into the middle layers of skin

105

Intramuscular injection

Made directly into muscle tissue

106

Subcutaneous injection

Made into fatty layer just below skin

107

Esophag/o

Esophagus
Throat

108

Acupuncture

Traditional Chinese medical practice using very thin needles inserted into specific pints of body to restore flow of qi

109

Echocardiography

Ultrasonic diagnostic procedure used to evaluate structures and motions of the heart

110

Parenteral

Introduced otherwise than by way of the intestines