Chapter 3: Medical, Legal, and Ethical issues Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 3: Medical, Legal, and Ethical issues Deck (30):
1

basic principle of emergency care is to do no _____

further harm

2

consent is permission to

render care

3

a person must give _____ for treatment

consent

4

if a patient is of sound mind he or she has the ____ to _____ care

right to refuse care (and can withdraw it at any time)

5

the foundation of consent is

decision making capacity

6

_______ is a nod of the head or a verbal yes

expressed consent

7

________ applies to patients who are unconscious or otherwise incapable of making a rational informed decision about care (AKA _______)

implied consent (AKA emergency doctrine)

8

_______ are under legal age but are considered adults due to certain circumstances

emancipated minors

9

a body in parts, dependent lividity, rigor mortis, and putrefication are __________

definitive signs of death

10

a _____ form of DNR is the only valid form of advanced directives in NYS

paper

11

the ______ is commonly defined by state law and outlines the care that an EMT may provide

scope of practice

12

standards of care are the

manner in which you must act or behave

13

_______ is an individuals responsibility to provide patient care

duty to act

14

________ is failure to provide the same care that a person with similar training would provide in the same or similar situation

negligence

15

these four things must be proved to establish negligence

duty, breach of duty, damages, causation

16

________ is termination of care without a patients consent and without making provisions for care to be continued (equal or higher level of care)

abandonment

17

____ is placing a person in fear of bodily harm

assault

18

_____ is unlawfully touching a person

battery

19

_______ is communication of false information that damages a person's reputation

defamation

20

defamation can be written (______) or spoken (______)

written (libel) or spoken (slander)

21

______ are a philosophy of right and wrong

ethics

22

_____ is a code of conduct

morality

23

_______ is sometimes necessary when you are confronted with a patient who is in need of transport but is combative and presents a significant risk of danger to himself/herself or other

forcible restraint

24

______ is provided when an EMT has fully explained the nature of the treatment being offered along with any risks and benefits associated with the treatment

informed consent

25

______ are regulations that serve to protect citizens from liability and error of omission in giving good faith emergency care unless there is wanton, gross, or willful negligence

good Samaritan laws

26

if a mentally competent patient with a minor injury refuses transport to a hospital you should

document your assessment on a PCR and have the patient sign a refusal form

27

an ________ is a document that specifies medical treatments that a patient would like to withhold or receive if he or she becomes unable to make decisions

advanced directive

28

HIPAA generally allows PHI to be shared with

those directly providing care

29

an incomplete or untidy patient care report may be viewed by a court as evidence of

incompetence by the author

30

organ donors are treated in the same manner as

another patient with similar injuries