Chapter 3-microbes Through A Microscope Flashcards Preview

Micro > Chapter 3-microbes Through A Microscope > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 3-microbes Through A Microscope Deck (21):
0

Comes from the Greek words for prenucleus

Prokaryote

1

Comes from the Greek words for true nucleus

Eukaryotes

2

One circular chromosome, not in a membrane

Prokaryote

3

No histones
No organelles

Prokaryote

4

Peptidoglycan

Bacteria cell walls

5

Pseudomurein

Archaea cell walls

6

Binary fission

Prokaryotes

7

Paired chromosomes in a nuclear membrane

Eukaryotes

8

Histones
Organelles
Mitotic spindle
Polysaccharide cell walls

Eukaryotes

9

Rod shaped

Bacillus

10

Coccus

Spherical

11

Helical-spirillum, vibrio, spirochete

Spiral

12

Diplococci
Diplobacilli

Pairs

13

Staphylococci

Clusters

14

Streptococci
Streptobacilli

Chain

15

The two type of clusters

Chain
Cluster group

16

Sugar coating
Outside cell wall
Usually sticky

Glycocalyx

17

Neatly organized

Capsule

18

Unorganized and loose

Slime layer

19

Extra cellular polysaccharide allows cell to attach

Glycocalyx

20

Capsules prevent phagocytosis

Glycocalyx