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Flashcards in Chapter 3 Quiz Deck (23):
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Associative Play

Play that is much like parallel play but with increased levels of interaction in the form of sharing, turn-taking, and general interest in what others are doing

1

Autonomous Morality

In Piaget's theory of moral development, the stage at which a person understands that people make rules and that punishments are not automatic

2

conventional level of morality

Stages 3 and 4 in Kohlberg's model of moral reasoning, in which individuals make moral judgements in consideration of others

3

Cooperative Play

play in which children join together to achieve a common goal

4

foreclosure

an adolescents premature establishment of an identity based on parental choices, rather than on his or hers own desires

5

heteronomous morality

in Piaget's theory of moral development, the stage at which children think that rules are unchangeable and that breaking them leads automatically to punishment

6

identity achievement

a state of consolidation reflecting conscious, clear-cut decisions concerning occupation and ideology

7

identity diffusion

inability to develop a clear directions or sense of self

8

moral dilemmas

in Kohlberg's theory of moral reasoning, hypothetical situations that require a person to consider values of right and wrong

9

moratorium

experimentation with occupational and ideological choices without definite commitment

10

parallel play

play in which children engage in the same activity side by side but with very little interaction or mutual influence

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peers

people who are equal in age or status

12

post-conventional level of morality

stages 5 and 6 in Kohlberg's model of reasoning, in which individuals make moral judgements in relation to abstract principles

13

Pre-conventional level of morality

Stages 1 and 2 in Kohlberg's model of moral reasoning, in which individuals make moral judgements in their own interests

14

Prosocial behaviors

actions that show respect and caring for others

15

Psychosocial Crisis

according to Erikson, the set of critical issues that individuals must address as they pass through each of the eight life stages

16

psychosocial theory

a set of principles that relates social environment to psychological development

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puberty

developmental stage at which a person becomes capable of reproduction

18

reflectivity

the tendency to analyze oneself and ones own thoughts

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self-concept

a persons perception of his or her own strengths , weaknesses, abilities, attitudes and values

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self-esteem

the value each of us places on our own characteristics, abilities, and behaviors

21

social comparison

the process of comparing oneself to others to gather information and to evaluate and judge ones abilities, attitudes, and conduct

22

solitary play

play that occurs alone