Flashcards in Chapter 3 T/F Deck (25):
Adler was an original member of Freud's Wednesday Psychological Society.
Among many differences between Freud and Adler were their attitudes toward Americans.
Both Adler and Freud came from middle-class Jewish backgrounds and grew up in the Vienna area.
The Wednesday Psychological Society began when Adler asked Freud and a few other physicians to join him at his home on Wednesday evening.
Most people who have read Freud and Adler agree that Adler was the better writer.
During the first few years after breaking from Freud's organization, Adler was unable to write or to continue his practice of psychotherapy.
According to Adler, people's present behaviors are strongly influenced by their experiences of the past.
Adler believed that the most important fiction is the goal of superiority or success.
Causality is an explanation of behavior in terms of future goals and aspirations.
Style of life is usually developed between the 10th and 12th years of life, according to Adler.
Everyone has some feelings of inferiority.
Even criminals possess some amount of social interest.
Heredity and learning account for all personality development, according to Adler.
People with very high levels of social interest eventually become self-centered.
Social interest is synonymous with charity and unselfishness.
Because all of us have survived infancy, Adler concluded that we have at least some potential for social interest.
Adler believed that people are basically what they make of themselves.
Most pathological individuals have a neglected or pampered life style.
A pampered style of life is the result of too much mother love.
Safeguarding tendencies protect the ego from the pain of anxiety.
Adler believed that the psychic life of women is essentially the same as that of men.
Adler agreed with Freud that dreams are expressions of infantile wishes.
Adler believed that dreams are forward-looking.
Adler hypothesized that physical deficiencies can contribute to either a useful or a useless style of life.