Chapter 3: The Organization and Function of the Nervous System Flashcards Preview

Psychology 3460: Neuroscience 1 > Chapter 3: The Organization and Function of the Nervous System > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 3: The Organization and Function of the Nervous System Deck (45):
1

A __ is the name for a bundle of neurons in the PNS

D. ganglion

2

The spinal cord is part of the __ nervous system

A. central

3

Which of the following is the largest division of the mature CNS in humans

A. forebrain

4

The space separating the cerebral hemispheres is called the

D. longitudinal fissure

5

The surface of the cortex appears gray because it is composed mostly of

B. unmyelinated cell bodies

6

In the cortex, a ridge is called a

B. gyrus

7

What is the name of the 19th century European anatomist who argued that because women have smaller brains than men, they are less intelligent.

C. Bischoff

8

Animal species that are the MOST intelligent tend to have

D. More convolutions on the cortex, a proportionately larger forebrain

9

the direction term anterior means

A. in front of

10

The brain area controlling fine motor movement is located on the

B. precentral gyrus

11

The area of the motor cortex devoted to which of the following body areas is probably the smallest

D. the thigh

12

Damage to the prefrontal cortex is LEAST likely to result in problems with

C. speech comprehension

13

Who among the following was a proponent of lobotomies as a treatment for mental illness

C. Freeman

14

The somatosensory cortex is located in the __ lobe

D. pareital

15

Identifying objects by touch is a function of the

B. parietal association cortex

16

Modern computer studies of the skull of Phineas Gage have revealed the extent of damage to the

A. frontal lobes

17

Which of the following is NOT a function of the temporal lobes

C. fine motor control

18

Electrical stimulation of the association areas of the temporal lobe may result in the patient experiencing

D. vivid memories

19

The occipital lobe processes __ information

A. visual

20

The thalamus receives information from all of the sensory systems EXCEPT the system for

C. Smell

21

the hypothalamus is located __ the thalamus

B. below

22

the __ is the body's master gland

A. Pituitary

23

The sleep-inducing hormone melatonin is released by the

B. pineal gland

24

Which statement regarding the corpus callosum is FALSE

B. is is the only place in the brain where information crosses from one side to the other.

25

Which of the following structures is NOT part of the brain stem

A. lateral ventricle.

26

All of the following structures are located in the midbrain EXCEPT the

C. pons

27

Heart rate and breathing are controlled by the

D. medulla

28

A person with damage to the cerebellum may

D. have problems with movement

29

The cerebrospinal fluid protects the brain in all the following ways EXCEPT that it doesn't

D. prevent toxins from entering the CNS

30

The skeletal muscles are MOST directly controlled by the __ nervous system

B. somatic

31

Which of the following cranial nerves is sometimes considered part of the CNS rather than the PNS

D. optic

32

Which of the following is more a result of parasympathetic than sympathetic activation

A. increased digestive activity

33

The stage of neural development in which axons grow toward their connections is called

C. circuit formation

34

Cell proliferation occurs

A. in the innermost layer of the neural tube

35

Cells that form a scaffold for neural migration are called

B. radial glial cells

36

During the first three weeks after birth, the neurons in a monkey's corpus callosum

C. decrease by about 8 million

37

Neural plasticity is retained to the greatest extent in adulthood in which of the following brain areas

D.association cortex

38

Which of the following is NOT a result of fetal exposure to alcohol?

B. failure of cells to form myelin

39

Which of the following brain areas is among the last to undergo myelination

A. frontal cortex

40

Which of the following is NOT an example of brain reorganization

D. regrowth of a severed spinal motor neuron

41

Regeneration is LEAST likely to occur in the

C. CNS of a mammal

42

In the adult mammal, neurogenesis is MOST likely to occur in the

C. hippocampus

43

Which of the following is NOT true of hydrocephalus

C. even without treatment, individuals usually have normal intelligence

44

Which of the following is NOT a problem following stroke

B. Abnormal protein deposits

45

Which of the following is FALSE regarding TBI. It

C. requires a severe blow, due to the brains cushioning