Chapter 3 Vocabulary Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 3 Vocabulary Deck (10):

Define culture

a learned set of enduring values, beliefs, and practices that are shared by an identifiable or large group of people with a common history


Define ethnocentrism

Seeing your own culture as the center of the universe


Define cultural relativism

Cultures are merely different, deficient--refers to not judging a culture to our own standards of what is right or wrong, strange or normal. Instead, we should try to understand cultural practices of other groups in its own cultural context.


Define multiculturalism

Promotes diversity of cultures but also uphold human rights


Define Low-Context

verbally precise, direct, assertive, self-enhancing, and explicit.


Define High-Context

uses indirect verbal expression and you are expected to “read in between the lines”.


Define Low Power Distance

values equal power sharing and discourages attention to status differences and ranking in society, sees you as an equal


Define High Power Distance

relatively strong emphasis on maintaining power differences, hard to challenge authority


Define Masculine culture

Masculine- dominance, ambitiousness, assertiveness, competitiveness, and drive for achievement


Define Feminine culture

Feminine- Affectionate, nurturance, sensitivity, compassion, expressiveness (less rigid) more conserved with cooperation