Chapter 3- Wellness And Saftey Of The Emergency Medical Responder Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 3- Wellness And Saftey Of The Emergency Medical Responder Deck (22):
1

Baseline health status

A preemployment medical examination to determine overall health status prior to beginning a job

2

Standard precautions

Steps to take to protect against exposure to body fluids

3

Universal precautions

A component of standard precautions that involves the philosophy that all patients are considered infectious until proven otherwise

4

Body substance isolation (BSI)

Practice using specific personal protective equipment to minimize contact with a patients blood and body fluids

5

OSHA

Us occupational safety and health administration

6

NFPA

National fire protection association

7

Exposure

A condition of being subjected to a fluid or substance capable of transmitting an infectious agent

Four ways they can enter the body:
Ingestion
Injection
Absorption
Inhalation

8

Infection

The condition in which the body is invaded by a disease causing agent

9

Pathogen

A disease causing organism such as a virus or bacterium

10

Personal protective equipment
(PPE)

Equipment such as gloves, masks, eyewear, gown, turnout gear, and help that protects rescuers from infection and/or from exposure to hazardous materials and the dangers of rescue operations

11

CDC

Center for disease and control prevention

12

4 diseases of most fiber to emergency medical responders

HIV
Hepatitis
Tuberculosis
Meningitis

13

Employee responsibilities

Washing hands regularly
Using gloves and other personal protective equipment
Making safe work practices a habit

14

Following an exposure

Exposure to skin- immediately wash area with warm water and soap
Exposure to eyes- flush with clean water for 20min
Document details of exposure on appropriate form included in your employers exposure control plan
Report the exposure to administrator
Schedule a medical evaluation

15

Hazardous materials incident

The release of a harmful substance into the environment also called a hazmat incident

16

Stressor

Any emotional or physical demand that causes stress

17

Burnout

An extreme emotional state characterized by emotional exhaustion, a diminished sense of personal accomplishment and cynicism

18

Signs and symptoms of stress

Insomnia
Heart disease
Alcohol abuse
Increased incident of illnesses or disruptive responses
Less well at work and relationships with others
Irritability with family, friends and co worker
Inability to concentrate
Changes in daily activities
Difficulty sleeping or nightmares
Loss of appetite
Loss of interest in sexual activity
Anxiety
Indecisiveness
Guilt
Isolation
Loss of interest in work
Constipation
Diarrhea
Headaches
Nausea
Hypertension

19

Death and dying stages

The denial stage
The anger stage
The bargaining stage
The depression stage
The acceptance stage

20

Help when confronted with grieving friends and family members

Recognize patient needs
Remain tolerant
Listen empathetically
Do not give false hope or reassurance

21

Critical incident stress management
(CISM)

A broad based approach involving several strategies designed to help emergency personnel cope with critical incident stress

22

Critical incident stress debriefing (CISD)

A formal process in which teams of professional and peer counselor provide emotional and psychological support to those who have been involved in a critical incident