Chapter 3.1 (Emergence of the Globalisation of Sport) Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 3.1 (Emergence of the Globalisation of Sport) Deck (28):
1

Define the Feudal System

Broadly defined, it was a way of structuring society around a relationship derived from the holding of land in exchange for service or labour

2

Define Popular Recreation

The sport and pastimes of people in pre-industrial Britain

3

What are the characteristics of popular recreation? (LUCICROWS)

Local
Unwritten
Cruel
Irregular
Classed Based
Rural
Occupational
Wagering
Simple

4

Define a Foot Race

A form of competitive running/walking in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries involving feats of endurance. As time progressed, it evolved into pedestrianism/ race walking

5

Define Patron

A member of the gentry who looked after a lower-class performer, e.g. by arranging competitions for the to participate in, putting up prize money and generally looking after the welfare of the performer

6

Who was Dr William Penny Brookes?

The founder of the Wedlock Olympic Games in 1850

7

Define Rational Recreation

In the nineteenth century, these were sports pastimes for the lower classes, which were designed by the middle class to be well ordered, organised and controlled

8

Define Industrial Revolution

Deemed to have occurred during the mid-eighteenth to mid-nineteenth centuries. This period marked a change in Britain from a feudal, rural society into a industrialised, machine-based, capitalist society, controlled by a powerful urban middle class

9

What were the initial negative effects of industrialism? (HITFOR)

H = poor health and hygiene
I = lack of income
T = lack of time
F = facility provision was lacking
O = overcrowding and lack of space
R = loss of rights

10

Define Industrial Patronage

Factory teams were set up by factory owners as a way of decreasing absenteeism and encouraging loyalty in the workforce

11

Define Urbanisation

Large numbers of people migrating/moving from rural areas into towns and cities, seeking regular work in the factories

12

Define Codification

The gradual organisation and defining of the rules (e.g. for the actual playing of a sport, as well as the conduct and behaviour of the participants)

13

Who are Philanthropists?

Kind, generous, middle-class individuals who had a social conscience and were keen to try to provide for a better life among the working class

14

Define Public Provision

Local council provision of facilities (e.g. sport/recreational) for the masses to participate

15

Define Rational Recreation

Involves the post-industrial development of sport. It was characterised by a number of features including respectability, strict administration and codification

16

What are the 5 characteristics of rational recreation?
(5 R's)

Rules/Codification
Regular
Regional
Referees/Officials
Respectable

17

Define Amateur

A person who plays sport for the love of it and receives no financial gain

18

Define Professional

A person who plays sport for a financial gain

19

What is the Bosman Ruling?

A European Court of Justice decision made on 15 December 1995 concerning freedom of movement for workers. An important decision as it allowed the free movement of labour in the European Union. It effectively allowed footballers within the EU to move at the end of their contract without a transfer fee being paid

20

What is lawn tennis?

Originally called Sphairistike and played on an hourglass shaped court before its name and court shape were quickly replaced

21

Define Open Era

When professional tennis players were allowed to compete alongside amateurs and earn money

22

Define Media

An organised means of communication by which large numbers of different people can be reached quickly

23

Define Golden Triangle

The golden triangle refers to the relationship between sport, business and media

24

Define Commercialism

The process of attempting to gain money from an activity e.g. sport

25

Define Sponsorship

When a company pays for their products to be publicly displayed or advertised, usually as an attempt to increase the sales of their goods

26

Define Merchandising

The practice in which the brand or image from one 'product' is used to sell another e.g. professional sports teams/ performers promote various products

27

Define Globalisation

The process whereby nations are increasingly being linked together and people are becoming more interdependent via improvements in communication and travel

28

Define Social Media

Online apps and websites which allow users to interact by sharing content and taking part in social networking