Chapter 32: Pediatric Emergencies Flashcards Preview

EMT Course > Chapter 32: Pediatric Emergencies > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 32: Pediatric Emergencies Deck (31):
1

Which of the following statements is true concerning differences in anatomy between adults and children that influence treatment decisions?
- The proportionately larger diameter airway of the child is less easily obstructed by secretions.
- The proportionately larger tongue of the child is less likely to cause obstruction.
- The epiglottis is larger in the child than in the adult and is more likely to prevent aspiration.
- The child's occiput is larger and rounder than an adult's, requiring careful positioning.

- The child's occiput is larger and rounder than an adult's, requiring careful positioning.

2

Fever in children is a common reason for parents to call for an ambulance. A fever can result from:

infection

3

Head injuries are common in children because:

the size of the head is larger in relation to the body

4

Children may have experienced a serious injury, even though there may be little or no outward signs, because:

their bodies can compensate better for significant blood loss

5

At the scene of an unexplained infant death, or SIDS call, the EMT should:

carefully inspect the scene for signs of illness, the general condition of the house, and family interaction.

6

The EMT is likely to encounter children with tracheostomy tubes, artificial ventilators, central IV lines, gastrostomy tubes, or shunts in the home environment because:

technology continues to improve and health care continues to focus on decreasing hospitalizations.

7

Problems leading to cardiopulmonary arrest in children include:

foreign body obstruction, respiratory infection, and electrocution.

8

Signs of respiratory distress in children include:

nasal flaring, grunting, wheezing or stridor, retractions, and tripod positioning.

9

Respiratory failure is distinguished from respiratory distress by:

a decreased level of consciousness and developing cyanosis.

10

he pediatric assessment triangle (PAT) is a structured assessment tool to rapidly determine the child's condition using:

appearance, work of breathing, and circulation to the skin.

11

Dehydration can present a serious problem to the infant or small child and should be suspected if:

the skin is loose and has no elasticity.

12

Infancy is the _____.

first year of life

13

The toddler is __-__ years of age

1 to 3 years of age

14

Preschool-age children are ____.

3 to 6 years of age

15

School-age children are ____.

6 to 12 years of age

16

Adolescents are ______

12 to 18 years of age.

17

The ____ is large relative to other structures, so it poses a higher risk of airway obstruction than in an adult.

tongue

18

The airway in a child has a _____ than the airway in an adult and is therefore more easily obstructed.

smaller diameter

19

A rapid heartbeat and blood vessel constriction help pediatric patients to compensate for _____

dec perfusion

20

Children’s bones are more flexible and bend more with injury, and the ends of the long bones, where growth occurs, are ____ and may be ____ more easily.

weaker and may be injured

21

You will need to carry special sizes of airway equipment for pediatric patients. Use a _____ measure to determine the approximately sized equipment for children.

pediatric resuscitation tap

22

Signs of shock in children are ____, poor capillary refill time, and mental status changes. You must be very alert for signs of shock in a pediatric patient because they can decompensate rapidly.

tachycardia

23

______ may be a sign of a more serious problem such as meningitis.

Febrile seizures

24

The most common cause of dehydration in children is ____ and ____. Life-threatening diarrhea can develop in an infant in hours.

vomiting and diarrhea

25

Fever is a common reason why parents or caregivers call 9-1-1. Body temperatures of ____ or higher are considered to be abnormal.

100.4°F (38°C)

26

____ is the number one killer of children in the United States.

Trauma

27

A victim of _____ will be pale or blue, not breathing, and unresponsive. He or she may show signs of postmortem changes, including rigor mortis and dependent lividity; if so, call medical control to report the situation.

sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS)

28

Which age group commonly has stranger anxiety?

Toddlers

29

Where should you obtain a pulse rate in an infant?

Brachial or femoral pulse

30

What device should you use in patients with a respiratory rate of less than 12 breaths/min or more than 60 breaths/min?

Bag-valve-mask device

31

What are the risk factors for SIDS?

Mother younger than 20 years, smoking during pregnancy, low birth weight