Chapter 35 - America in World War II, 1941-1945 Flashcards Preview

APUSH Chapter Key Terms > Chapter 35 - America in World War II, 1941-1945 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 35 - America in World War II, 1941-1945 Deck (59)
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1

Germany First

Despite attack on Pearl Harbor, the Allies' strategy was to defeat Nazi Germany first and then focus on Japan

2

Axis Powers

Germany, Italy, and Japan. American Communists were against these after Hitler attacked Stalin in 1941.

3

Internment Camps

Relocation of approximately 120,000 japanese people, many of whom were American citizens, to one of 10 internment camps located across the country. Traditional family structure was upended within the camp, as American-born children were solely allowed to hold positions of authority.

4

Korematsu v. U.S.

(1943) By a 6-3 vote, the court upheld the relocation and internment of Japanese Americans. In Ex parte Endo, the court held that the government could not detain a person whose loyalty had been established.

5

War Production Board

A federal agency that coordinated US. industry and successfully mobilized the economy to produce vast quantities of military supplies

6

War Labor Board

(WLB) settled disputes between business and labor without strikes so that production would not be interrupted and morale would be high.

7

Matthew Perry

He was the military leader who convinced the Japanese to sign a treaty in 1853 with the U.S. The treaty allowed for a commercial foot in Japan which was helpful with furthering a relationship with Japan.

8

Meiji Government

Around 1900, the Japanese saw what was happening to other Asian nations as European took them over through imperialism. The Japanese transformed their entire society to copy the Europeans under this government. They industrialized, got rid of the samurai, copied European schooling and military, etc.

9

Picture Brides

Japanese women who married in America after exchanging photos in the mail.

10

Gentleman's Agreement

Pact in 1908 that limited Japanese immigration to the USA.

11

WAACS

Women in a non-combat position in the army.

12

WAVES

Women in a non-combat position in the navy.

13

SPARS

Women in a non-combat position in the coast guard.

14

GI

Nickname for soldiers in WWII.

15

Braceros

Mexican workers who came to help labor shortage in the USA during WWII.

16

Rosie the Riveter

Ideal woman during WWII (an icon to pump up women).

17

A. Philip Randolph

labor and civil rights leader in the 1940s who led the brotherhood of sleeping car porters; he demanded that FDR create a fair employment practices commission to investigate job discrimination in war industries. FDR agreed only after Randolph threatened a march on Washington by African Americans.

18

Fair Employment Practices Commission

FDR issued this committee in 1941 to enforce the policy of prohibiting employment-related discrimination practices by federal agencies, unions, and companies involved in war-related work It guaranteed the employment of 2 million black workers in the war factories.

19

Double V -

Campaign popularized by American Black Leaders during WW2 emphasizing the need for double victory: over Germany and Japan and also over racial prejudice in the US. Many blacks were fought in WW2 were disappointed that the America they returned to still hate racial tension

20

CORE

Congress of Racial Equality, and organization founded in 1942 that worked for black civil rights

21

Code Talkers

Bilingual Navajo speakers specially recruited during World War II by the Marines to serve in their standard communications units in the Pacific Theater. Code talking, however, was pioneered by Cherokee and Choctaw Indians during World War I.

22

Zoot Suit Riots

The Zoot Suit Riots were a series of racist attacks in June 1943 in Los Angeles, California, United States, between Mexican American youths and white Americans servicemen stationed in Southern California.

23

Douglas MacArthur

American five-star general and field marshal of the Philippine Army. He was Chief of Staff of the United States Army during the 1930s

24

Bataan Death March

After the April 9, 1942, U.S. surrender of the Bataan Peninsula on the main Philippine island of Luzon to the Japanese during World War II (1939-45), the approximately 75,000 Filipino and American troops on Bataan were forced to make an arduous 65-mile march to prison camps.

25

Battle of the Coral Sea -

The Battle of the Coral Sea, fought during 4–8 May 1942, was a major naval battle in the Pacific Theater of World War II between the Imperial Japanese Navy

26

Midway

An enormous battle that raged for four days near the small American outpost at Midway Island, at the end of which the US, despite great losses, was clearly the winner of.

27

Chester Nimitz

Top admiral of the US Pacific Fleet

28

Guadalcanal

first major offensive launched by Allied forces against the Empire of Japan; Allies overwhelmed the outnumbered Japanese defenders --> allies won

29

Island Hopping

American navy attacked islands held by the Japanese in the Pacific Ocean. The capture of each successive island from the Japanese brought the American navy closer to an invasion of Japan.

30

Guam

The Second Battle of Guam (21 July – 10 August 1944) was the American recapture of the Japanese-held island of Guam

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