Flashcards in Chapter 37 The experience of loss, death, & grief Deck (10):
How one grieves depends on?
Cultural norms, belief systems, support systems, & personal faith
A maturational loss is a?
Form of necessary loss and includes all normally expected life changes across the life span
-associated with normal life transitions & they help people develop coping skills to use when they experience unplanned, unwanted, or unexpected loss
Sudden, unpredictable external events bring about?
-person in car accident sustains injury with physical changes that make it impossible to return to work/school, leading to loss of function, income, life goals, & self-esteem
Actual loss vs perceived loss
Actual loss- occurs when a person can no longer feel, hear, see, or know a person or object (loss of body part, death of family, loss of job)
Perceived loss- uniquely defined by the person experiencing the loss & is less obvious to other people (rejection by a friend that creates loss of confidence or changes their status in social group). How the individual interprets the meaning of the perceived loss affects the intensity of the grief response.
-perceived losses are easy to overlook but are just as painful as actual losses
The outward, social expressions of grief and the behavior associated with loss. Most mourning rituals are culturally influenced, learned behaviors.
-Example: The jewish mourning ritual of Shivah is a time period when normal life activities come to a stop. Those mourning welcome friends & family into the home as a way of honoring the dead and receive support during the mourning period
Encompasses both grief and mourning and includes the emotional responses & outward behaviors of a person experiencing loss
-should be encouraged to talk about loss & reassured that the feelings are normal and that major decisions should be postponed
Normal (uncomplicated) grief
Complex, emotional, cognitive, social, physical, behavioral, & spiritual responses to loss & death
- disbelief, yearning,anger, depression
-helpful coping mechanisms include: hardiness & resilience, a personal sense of control, & the ability to make sense of and identify positive possibilities after a loss
People experience this grief when their relationship to the deceased is not socially sanctioned, cannot be shared openly, or seems of lesser significance
-examples: death of former spouse, married lover, incarcerated person or terminated pregnancy
-uncertainty, a type of disenfranchised grief, can occur when the lost person is physically present but not psychologically available as in dementia or brain injury, other times it could be from a kidnapping, prisoner of war, or no body found