Chapter 39: Terrorism Response and Disaster Management Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 39: Terrorism Response and Disaster Management Deck (16):
1

Attacks against the citizens of one's own country are acts of:

domestic terrorism

2

While only a small percentage of individuals conduct terrorism to achieve their goals, terrorists are more likely to have an affiliation with:

single-issue, political extremist, or apocalyptic religious groups.

3

The DHS Advisory Systems identifies a current terror threat level of significant risk with the color:

yellow

4

What are the greatest threats to the EMT from weapons of mass destruction (WMDs)?

contamination and cross-contamination from direct contact with exposed individuals

5

Sulfur mustard, CX, and Lewisite are common forms of vesicants that are intended to cause:

burn-like blisters to form on the skin and in the respiratory tract.

6

Agents containing phosgene, chlorine, or ammonia are common forms of chemical weapons that are intended to cause:

damage to lung tissues and severe pulmonary edema.

7

Nerve agents, such as VX and Sarin gas, are in the class of organophosphates, intended to cause:

the body's organs to become overstimulated and burn out, resulting in cardiac arrest.

8

Metabolic agents, such as hydrogen cyanide (AC) and cyanogen chloride (CK), are intended to cause:

sudden death by affecting the body's ability to use oxygen.

9

Biological agents can pose many difficult issues when used as a WMD, including which of the following?

They can be almost undetectable and cause disease similar to common minor illnesses.

10

The most powerful and fastest moving form of radiation is from:

neutron energy

11

What does the "M" in the mnemonic "DUMBELS" stand for?

miosis

12

How can you differentiate the small pox rash from other skin disorders?

All of the lesions will be identical in development.

13

Injury from flying debris is what type of blast injury?

secondary injury

14

What is a secondary device and who are its targets?

A secondary device is an explosive designed to detonate after an initial blast, targeting the rescue workers who enter the scene.

15

List the four different categories of chemical agents that may be used in terrorism.

Vesicants (blistering), pulmonary agents (choking), nerve agents, and metabolic agents

16

What is the primary action of nerve agents that causes death?

Cardiac arrest