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Flashcards in Chapter 4 Deck (47):
0

What is subsistence farming?

When farmers produce enough to meet the needs of their families, with little left over to sell or trade.

1

What is the definition of representative government?

Where people elect delegates to make laws and conduct government

2

What is export?

To sell goods to another country

3

What is import?

To buy and bring goods into the country.

4

Definition of immigration?

The permanent moving of people into one country from other countries

5

What is an apprentice?

A young person who learns a trade from a skilled craftsperson

6

What is a civic virtue?

Democratic ideas, practices, and values that form a truly free society

7

What is a militia?

A military force made up of ordinary citizens

8

Definition of alliance?

Partnership

9

What was the main economic activity in all colonies?

Farming

10

What is commercial agriculture?

When larger amounts of crops are produced to make a profit

11

Why did New England farmers practice subsistence farming?

Because they had long winters and thin rocky soil.

12

What were the two main industries of the New England colonies?

Ship building and fishing

13

What is the Triangular trade?

A trade route between three destinations: West Indies, New England, Europe, and Africa.

14

What was the name of the slave transporting leg of the Triangular Trade?

The Middle Passage

15

Where was the hub of the shipping trade in America?

New England

16

What is a cash crop?

Crops that can be sold for a profit

17

Which colonial region was known for its diverse population of German and Scotch-Irish citizens?

The Middle colonies

18

What was the main cash crop in Virginia and Maryland?

Tobacco

19

What was the main cash crop in Georgia and South Carolina?

Rice

20

What did rice and tobacco have in common (why slaves were used to harvest them)?

The labor was intensive

21

What is the region of the Southern colonies where the plantations resided?

The Tidewater area

22

What is supply and demand?

Supply is how much of something you have and demand is how much people want It

23

What were the strict rules governing the behavior and punishment of slaves in the colonies?

Slave codes

24

How did England view the colonies economically?

As an economic resource

25

How do you make money on trade?

You have to export more than you import.

26

What were the navigation acts?

They were passed by England to restrict trade and ensure that they make money

27

What established a limited government in the 13th century and inspired the US constitution?

The Magna Carta

28

Who was allowed to vote in the 1700s ?

White men who owned property

29

What was the revival that swept through the colonies?

The Great Awakening

30

What was the Enlightenment?

A belief that knowledge, science, and reason could improve society

31

What was the name of the book that Benjamin Franklin wrote after he was inspired by Enlightenment?

"Poor Richards Almanack"

32

Who was the news paper publisher that was charged with a crime for accusing the governor of New York of being corrupt?

John Peter Zenger

33

Where is the land area that the British and French fought over because of the fur trade?

The Ohio River Valley

34

What was the most powerful group of Native Americans in the East?

Iroquois Confederacy

35

Who was sent to tell the French to leave the Ohio River Valley and struck the first blow against the French?

George Washington

36

What did the Albany Plan Of Union want to do?

They wanted peace between the French and Great Britain

37

What was the name of the politician cartoon that encouraged the colonies to approve the Albany Plan of Union?

Benjamin Franklin

38

What was the name of the war between the French and the British in Europe?

French and Indian war

39

What is the name of the fort that the Cherokee burned down in modern day TN?

Fort Loudon

40

Who oversaw the colonial war effort in London and was the case of the British turnaround?

William Pitt

41

What was the most important victory for the British in the French and Indian war?

The battle of Quebec

42

What did The Treaty of Paris 1763 do?

It ends the French and Indian war

43

Who was the Ottawa Chief who believed the British were threating their way of life?

Pontiac

44

What did the Proclamation of 1763 do?

Put an end to fighting

57

What were the main items traded in the triangular trade.

Sugar cane, molasses, rum, and slaves

63

What were the two main cash crops of the middle colonies?

Wheat and oats