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Flashcards in Chapter 4 Deck (18):
0

What was the main economic activity in all colonies?

Farming

1

What is subsistence farming?

Producing to meet the needs of a family

2

What is commercial agriculture?

When larger amount of crops and produced to make a profit

3

Why did New England farmers practice subsistence farming?

Because thin rocky soil and long winters

4

What were the two main industries of the New England colonies?

Shipbuilding and fishing

5

What is the triangular trade?

Sugar and molasses from WI to NE
molasses turned into rum from NE to WA & Europe
Rum for slaves from WA to WI

6

What were the main items traded in the Triangular Trade?

Rum, molasses, sugar, and slaves

7


What was the name of the slave transporting leg of the Triangular Trade?

Middle Passage

8

Where was the hub of the shipping trade in America?

New England

9

What is a cash crop?

Crops that could be sold in markets

10

What were the two main cash crops of the Middle Colonies?

Wheat and oats

11

Which colonial region was known for its diverse population of German and Scotch-Irish citizens?

Scotch-Irish and German

12

What was the main cash crop in Virginia and Maryland?

Tobacco

13

What was the main cash crop in Georgia and South Carolina?

Rice

14

What did rice and tobacco have in common (why slaves were used to harvest them)?

Labor intensive crops

15

What is supply and demand?

Controls the prices of crops

16

What is the region of the Southern colonies where the plantations resided?

Tidewater area

17

What were the strict rules governing the behavior and punishment of slaves in the colonies?

Slave codes