Flashcards in Chapter 4 Deck (18):
What was the main economic activity in all colonies?
What is subsistence farming?
Producing to meet the needs of a family
What is commercial agriculture?
When larger amount of crops and produced to make a profit
Why did New England farmers practice subsistence farming?
Because thin rocky soil and long winters
What were the two main industries of the New England colonies?
Shipbuilding and fishing
What is the triangular trade?
Sugar and molasses from WI to NE
molasses turned into rum from NE to WA & Europe
Rum for slaves from WA to WI
What were the main items traded in the Triangular Trade?
Rum, molasses, sugar, and slaves
What was the name of the slave transporting leg of the Triangular Trade?
Where was the hub of the shipping trade in America?
What is a cash crop?
Crops that could be sold in markets
What were the two main cash crops of the Middle Colonies?
Wheat and oats
Which colonial region was known for its diverse population of German and Scotch-Irish citizens?
Scotch-Irish and German
What was the main cash crop in Virginia and Maryland?
What was the main cash crop in Georgia and South Carolina?
What did rice and tobacco have in common (why slaves were used to harvest them)?
Labor intensive crops
What is supply and demand?
Controls the prices of crops
What is the region of the Southern colonies where the plantations resided?