Flashcards in Chapter 4 Deck (40):
What was the main economic activity in all colonies?
What is subsistence farming?
Producing enough to meet the needs of the family
What is commercial agriculture?
When larger amounts of crops are produced to make a profit
Why did New England farmers practice subsistence farming?
Thin rocky soil and harsh long winters
What were the two main industries of the New England colonies?
Shipbuilding and Fishing
What is the triangular trade?
Sugar and molasses from WI to NE,(New England) rum from NE to west Africa to WI (West Indies)
What were the main items traded in the Triangular Trade?
Sugar, molasses, rum, and slaves
What was the name of the slave transporting leg of the Triangular Trade?
The Middle Passage
Where was the hub of the shipping trade in America?
What is a cash crop?
Crops that can be sold in markets.
What were the two main cash crops of the Middle Colonies?
Wheat and Oates
Which colonial region was known for its diverse population of German and Scotch-Irish citizens?
The middle colonies
What was the main cash crop in Virginia and Maryland?
What was the main cash crop in Georgia and South Carolina?
What did rice and tobacco have in common (why slaves were used to harvest them)?
Very labor intensive crops
What is supply and demand?
Controls the prices of crops
What is the region of the Southern colonies where the plantations resided?
The tidewater area
What were the strict rules governing the behavior and punishment of slaves in the colonies?
How did England view the colonies economically?
How do you make money on trade?
Export more than you import
What were the Navigation Acts?
They were passed by England to restrict trade and ensure they make money
What established a limited government in the
13th century and inspired the US Constitution?
Who was allowed to vote in the mid 1700’s in the colonies?
White men who owned land
What was the religious revival that swept through the colonies?
The Great Awakening
What was the Enlightenment?
The belief that knowledge, science and reason could improve society
What was the name of the book Benjamin Franklin wrote after being inspired by the Enlightenment?
Poor Richard's almanack
Who was the newspaper publisher that was charged with a crime for accusing the governor of New York of being corrupt?
John Peter Zenger
Where is the land area that the British and French fought over because of the fur trade?
The Ohio River Valley
What was the most powerful group of Native Americans in the East?
Who was sent to tell the French to leave the Ohio River Valley and struck the first blow against the French?
What is a militia?
A group of citizens trained to fight in emergencies
What did the Albany Plan of Union want to do?
To help the colonies defend themselves from the French
What was the name of the political cartoon that encouraged the colonies to approve the Albany Plan of Union?
"Join or Die"
What was the name of the war between the French and British in Europe?
"Seven Year War"
What is the name of the fort that the Cherokee burned down in modern day Tennessee?
Who oversaw the colonial war effort in London and was the cause of the British turnaround?
What was the most important victory for the British in the F&I War?
Battle of Quebec
What did the Treaty of Paris 1763 do?
Ended the French and Indian War and is the end of power in North America for the French
Who was the Ottawa chief who believed the British were threatening their way of life?