Flashcards in Chapter 4 Deck (40):
What was the main economic activity in all colonies?
What is subsistence farming?
Producing enough to meet the needs of the family.
What is commercial agriculture?
When larger amounts of crops are produced to make a profit.
Why did New England farmers practice subsistence farming?
They had long winters and thin, rocky soil
What were the two main industries of the New England colonies?
Shipbuilding and fishing
What is the triangular trade?
Sugar and molasses from West Indies to NE, rum from NE to Africa and Europe, rum for slaves from Africa to West Indies.
What were the main items traded in the Triangular Trade?
Sugar, molasses, rum, and slaves.
What was the name of the slave transporting leg of the Triangular Trade?
Where was the hub of the shipping trade in America?
What is a cash crop?
A crop that can be easily sold in markets.
What were the two main cash crops of the Middle Colonies?
Wheat and Oates
Which colonial region was known for its diverse population of German and Scotch-Irish citizens?
What was the main cash crop in Virginia and Maryland?
What was the main cash crop in Georgia and South Carolina?
What did rice and tobacco have in common (why slaves were used to harvest them)?
They were both very labor intensive
What is supply and demand?
How much people want something or how much is available
What is the region of the Southern colonies where the plantations resided?
What were the strict rules governing the behavior and punishment of slaves in the colonies?
How did England view the colonies economically?
As economic resources
How do you make money on trade?
Export more then you import
What were the Navigation Acts?
Acts passed by England to restrict trade and ensure they make money
What established a limited government in the 13
the century and inspired the US Constitution?
The Magna Carta
Who was allowed to vote in the mid 1700’s in the colonies?
White men who owned property
What was the religious revival that swept through the colonies?
The Great Awakening
What was the Enlightenment?
The belief that knowledge, science, and reason could improve society.
What was the name of the book Benjamin Franklin wrote after being inspired by the Enlightenment?
Poor Richards almanac
Who was the newspaper publisher that was charged with a crime for accusing the governor of New York of being corrupt?
John Peter Zenger
Where is the land area that the British and French fought over because of the fur trade?
Ohio river valley
What was the most powerful group of Native Americans in the East?
Who was sent to tell the French to leave the Ohio River Valley and struck the first blow against the French?
What is a militia?
A group of citizens trained to fight in emergencies.
What did the Albany Plan of Union want to do?
They wanted one government for all 13 colonies to protect themselves from France.
What was the name of the political cartoon that encouraged the colonies to approve the Albany Plan of Union?
"Join or Die"
What was the name of the war between the French and British in Europe?
Seven Years War
What is the name of the fort that the Cherokee burned down in modern day Tennessee?
Who oversaw the colonial war effort in London and was the cause of the British turnaround?
What was the most important victory for the British in the F&I War?
The Battle of Quebec
What did the Treaty of Paris 1763 do?
It ended the French and Indian War
Who was the Ottawa chief who believed the British were threatening their way of life?