Chapter 4 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 4 Deck (37):
1

What is subsistence farming?

Producing enough to meet the needs of the family

2

What is commercial agriculture?

Larger amounts of crops are produced to make a profit

3

What were the two main industries of the New England colonies?

Shipbuilding and Fishing

4

What is the triangular trade?

System in which slaves, crops, and manufactured goods were traded between Africa, the Carribbean, and American Colonies

5

What was the name of the slave transporting leg of the Triangular Trade?

The Middle Passage

6

What is a cash crop?

Crops that can be sold in markets

7

What was the main economic activity in all colonies?

Farming

8

What were the two main cash crops of the Middle Colonies?

Wheat and Oates

9

Which colonial region was known for its diverse population of German and Scotch-Irish citizens?

Middle Colonies

10

What was the main cash crop in Virginia and Maryland?

Tabacco

11

What was the main cash crop in Georgia and South Carolina?

Rice

12

What did rice and tobacco have in common (why slaves were used to harvest them)?

They were very labor

13

What is supply and demand?

Controls prices of crops

14

What were the strict rules governing the behavior and punishment of slaves in the colonies?

They couldnt leave plantations. They got whipped. Illegal to teach them to read or write

15

How did England view the colonies economically?

Economic Resource

16

How do you make money on trade?

You must export more than you import

17

What was important about the Navigation Acts?

Ensured that England made money off of colonial trade

18

What established a limited government in the 13th
century and inspired the US Constitution?

The Magna Carta

19

Who was allowed to vote in the mid 1700’s in the colonies?

White Men, who owned property could vote, but not all free men could vote

20

What was the religious revival that swept through the colonies?

The Great Awakening

21

What was the Enlightenment?

Belief that knowledge, science, and reason could improve society

22

What was the name of the book Benjamin Franklin wrote after being inspired by the Enlightenment?

Poor Richard's Almanac

23

Who was the newspaper publisher that was charged with a crime for accusing the governor of New York of being corrupt?

John Peter Zenger

24

The John Peter Zenger Trail dealt with what personal liberty?

Freedom of Press

25

Where is the land area that the British and French fought over because of the fur trade?

Ohio River Valley

26

What was the most powerful group of Native Americans in the East?

Iroquois Confederacy

27

Who was sent to tell the French to leave the Ohio River Valley and struck the first blow against the French?

George Washington

28

What is a militia?

A group of citizens trained to fight in emerginces

29

What did the Albany Plan of Union want to do?

Designed to help the colonies defend themselves from the French

30

What was the name of the political cartoon that encouraged the colonies to approve the Albany Plan of Union?

"Join or Die"

31

What was the name of the war between the French and British in Europe?

7 year war

32

What is the name of the fort that the Cherokee burned down in modern day Tennessee?

Fort Loudoun

33

What was the most important victory for the British in the F&I War?

The battle of Quebec

34

What did the Treaty of Paris 1763 do?

End of power in North America for the French

35

Who was the Ottawa chief who believed the British were threatening their way of life?

Pontaic

36

What did the Proclamation of 1763 do?

Halted western expansion by the settlers west of the Appalachian mountains

37

Why were many colonists upset over the Proclamation of 1763?

Some already bought property and the british said no