Flashcards in Chapter 4 Deck (37):
What is subsistence farming?
Producing enough to meet the needs of the family
What is commercial agriculture?
Larger amounts of crops are produced to make a profit
What were the two main industries of the New England colonies?
Shipbuilding and Fishing
What is the triangular trade?
System in which slaves, crops, and manufactured goods were traded between Africa, the Carribbean, and American Colonies
What was the name of the slave transporting leg of the Triangular Trade?
The Middle Passage
What is a cash crop?
Crops that can be sold in markets
What was the main economic activity in all colonies?
What were the two main cash crops of the Middle Colonies?
Wheat and Oates
Which colonial region was known for its diverse population of German and Scotch-Irish citizens?
What was the main cash crop in Virginia and Maryland?
What was the main cash crop in Georgia and South Carolina?
What did rice and tobacco have in common (why slaves were used to harvest them)?
They were very labor
What is supply and demand?
Controls prices of crops
What were the strict rules governing the behavior and punishment of slaves in the colonies?
They couldnt leave plantations. They got whipped. Illegal to teach them to read or write
How did England view the colonies economically?
How do you make money on trade?
You must export more than you import
What was important about the Navigation Acts?
Ensured that England made money off of colonial trade
What established a limited government in the 13th
century and inspired the US Constitution?
The Magna Carta
Who was allowed to vote in the mid 1700’s in the colonies?
White Men, who owned property could vote, but not all free men could vote
What was the religious revival that swept through the colonies?
The Great Awakening
What was the Enlightenment?
Belief that knowledge, science, and reason could improve society
What was the name of the book Benjamin Franklin wrote after being inspired by the Enlightenment?
Poor Richard's Almanac
Who was the newspaper publisher that was charged with a crime for accusing the governor of New York of being corrupt?
John Peter Zenger
The John Peter Zenger Trail dealt with what personal liberty?
Freedom of Press
Where is the land area that the British and French fought over because of the fur trade?
Ohio River Valley
What was the most powerful group of Native Americans in the East?
Who was sent to tell the French to leave the Ohio River Valley and struck the first blow against the French?
What is a militia?
A group of citizens trained to fight in emerginces
What did the Albany Plan of Union want to do?
Designed to help the colonies defend themselves from the French
What was the name of the political cartoon that encouraged the colonies to approve the Albany Plan of Union?
"Join or Die"
What was the name of the war between the French and British in Europe?
7 year war
What is the name of the fort that the Cherokee burned down in modern day Tennessee?
What was the most important victory for the British in the F&I War?
The battle of Quebec
What did the Treaty of Paris 1763 do?
End of power in North America for the French
Who was the Ottawa chief who believed the British were threatening their way of life?
What did the Proclamation of 1763 do?
Halted western expansion by the settlers west of the Appalachian mountains