Chapter 4 Flashcards Preview

History Final Study Guide > Chapter 4 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 4 Deck (11):
1

Battle of Bunker Hill

- Actually fought on Breed's Hill
- Colonists were told, "Don't fire until you see the whites of their eyes."

2

Thomas Paine

- Wrote very famous book Common Sense

3

Thomas Jefferson

- Wrote the Declaration of Independence
- Got ideas from John Locke about natural right to life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness

4

Declaration of Independence

- 56 signers in all
- Took out a paragraph concerning slavery that could have forced slave colonies to support the King
- 4 sections: 1) Preamble 2) Basic Rights 3) British abuses 4)Declaring Independence

5

April 19, 1775

- Battle of Lexington
- Shot Heard Round the World: No one knows who fired it
- Battle of Concord: 20 miles outside of Boston; British chased all the way back from Concord after their defeat to Boston
- Colonists motto "Taxation without Representation"

6

Battle of Trenton

- Washington and his army cross the Delaware River in the night just after the Hessians celebrated Christmas
- Captured about 900 Hessians, great victory

7

Victory at Saratoga

- The final attack is lead by an injured Benedict Arnold
- The turning point of the war
- Patriots played Yankee Doodle after their victory

8

Valley Forge

- Extremely cold winter, Washington's army hide out in Pennsylvania
- Around 2,000 men die from disease and starvation

9

Benedict Arnold

- Marries a 19 year old Torie, Peggy Shippen
- Betrays West Point to the British
- Known as America's Greatest Traitor

10

Battle of Yorktown

- Cornwallis and 8,000 British soldiers surrender
- Last major battle of the war

11

Treaty of Paris

- Ends the 8 year Revolutionary War


AMERICA IS INDEPENDENT!!