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Flashcards in Chapter 4 Deck (13):
1

hegemonic war

war for control of the entire world order--the rules of the international system as a whole (world war, global war, general war, or systemic war)

2

total war

warfare by one state waged to conquer and occupy another; modern total war originated in the Napoleonic Wars, which relied on conscription on a mass scale

3

limited war

military actions that seek objectives short of the surrender and occupation of the enemy

4

civil war

a war between factions within a state trying to create, or prevent, a new government for the entire state or some territorial part of it

5

guerrilla war

warfare without front lines and with irregular forces operating in the midst of, and ofter hidden or protected by, civilian populations

6

truth commisions

governmental bodies established in several countries after internal wars to hear honest testimony and bring to light what really happened during these wars

7

conflict

a difference in preferred outcomes in a bargaining situation

8

nationalism

identification with and devotion to the interests of one's nation
usually involves a large group of people who share a national identity and often a language, culture, or ancestry

9

genocide

An intentional and systematic attempt to destroy a national, ethnic, racial, or religious group, in whole or part. It was confirmed as a crime under international law by the UN Genocide Convention. (crime against humanity)

10

ethnocentrism

the tendency to see one's own group (in-group) in favorable terms and an out-group in unfavorable terms

11

secular (state)

a state created apart from religious establishments and in which there is a high degree of separation between religious and political organizations

12

Islam (Muslims)

a broad and diverse world religion whose divergent populations include Sunni Muslims, Shi'ite Muslims, and many smaller branches and sects from Nigeria to Indonesia, centered in the Middle East and South Asia

13

Islamist

political ideology based on instituting Islamic principles and laws in government
a broad range of groups using diverse methods come under this category