Chapter 4 Flashcards Preview

Sociology > Chapter 4 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 4 Deck (34):
1

Process through which people learn expectation of society

Socialization

2

Expected behavior associated with a given status in society

Roles

3

How one defines oneself

Identity

4

Persons relatively consistent pattern of behavior, feelings, predispositions and beliefs

Personality

5

When behaviors and assumptions are learned so thoroughly that people no longer question them but except them as correct

Internalization

6

The organization of society and a life, outcomes of people with and are the result of social definitions and processes

Socially constructed

7

Process by which groups and individuals in those groups are brought into conformity with dominant social expectations

Social control

8

How we think of ourselves as a result of the socialization experiences we have over a lifetime

Self concept

9

What are the consequences of socialization?

-Establishes self-concept
-Creates the capacity for rotating and the ability to see one self through the perspective of another
-Creates the tendency for people to act and socially acceptable ways

10

People sources or structures that pass on social expectations

Socialization agents

11

What are the six socialization agents?

Family
Media
School
Religion
Sports
Peers

12

A set of believes that largely reject the theory of human biological evolution instead agree that human beings as now exist were created by essential force or God

Creationism

13

Id, ego, superego

Psychoanalytic theory

14

Considers the formation of identity to be a learned response to external stimuli

Social learning theory

15

Explains how our conception of self arises through considering a relationship to others
-how we think we appear to others
-how we think other judge us
-how the first 2 make us feel

Looking glass self

16

process of putting oneself into another point of view

taking the role of the other

17

children copy behaviors around them

imitation stage

18

children begin taking on the roles of the significant people in their life

play stage

19

chosen affiliation

significant others

20

child becomes capable of taking on multiple roles at the same time

game stage

21

perspective to describe and analyze the connection between people's personal attributes, the roles they occupy, life events they experience

life course

22

socialization establishes identity/values

childhood

23

too young for adulthood, too old for childhood

adolescence

24

involves learning behavior and attitudes appropriate to specific situations and roles

adulthood

25

learning of expectations associated with a role a person expects to enter in the future

anticipatory socialization

26

preconceived judgements about what different age groups are like

age stereotypes

27

refers to negative attitudes about an age group that is generalized to all people in that group

age prejudice

28

different an unequal treatment of people based solely on their age

age discrimination

29

describes institutionalized practice of age prejudice and discrimination

ageism

30

refers to a hierarchical ranking of different groups in society

age stratification

31

age is determined when you were born during the same period

ascribed status

32

an aggregate group of people born during the same period

age cohort

33

drawn from functionalism, predicts that as people

disengagement theory

34

ceremony or ritual that marks the transition of an individual from one role to another

rite of passage