Chapter 4 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 4 Deck (20):
1

Piaget described a scheme as a psychological structure that
Answer

organizes experience.

is used in language but not thought.

we lose as we age.

is only found in those with a set of personal values.

organizes experience

2

Piaget saw equilibration as a balance between
Answer

primary and secondary circular reactions.

assimilation and accommodation.

thought and language.

social and cognitive skills

assimilation & accomodation

3


Piaget argued that the first reactions by newborns were
Answer

indicators of an innate understanding of appearance as reality.

abstract.

indicators of an innate understanding of object permanence.

reflexive.

reflexive

4

The defining characteristic of centration is _____ thought.
Answer

abstract

narrowly focused

a lack of object permanent

overextension

narrowly focused thought

5

The conservation of liquid task directly assesses a child’s level of
Answer

intelligence.

habituation.

animism.

centration.

centration

6

Which is the best example of habituation?
Answer

turning your head to listen to a passing jet

tasting sushi for the first time and liking it

focusing your eyes on one of those “3-D” art pictures until the 3-D image pops into view

being bothered by the feel of a watch the first time it is on your wrist and then getting so used to it that you forget it's there

being bothered by the feel of a watch the first time it is on your wrist and then getting so used to it that you forget it's there

7

Pavlov’s research involving a dog, salivation, and a bell is correctly associated with _____ theory.
Answer

operant conditioning

information-processing

classical conditioning

Piagetian

classical conditioning

8

Improvements in infant memory that occur around 6 months after birth may be the result of development in the _____ area of the brain.
Answer

hippocampus

frontal cortex

hypothalamus

occipital lobe

hippocampus

9

The _____ principle of counting states that there must be only one number name for each item counted.
Answer

one-to-one

stable-order

habituation

cardinality

one-to-one

10


While attempting to correctly answer this question, you notice that you are mentally commenting to yourself about the level of difficulty of this question. Vygotsky would refer to these internal mental remarks as
Answer

private speech.

scaffolding.

an orienting response.

overextension.

private speech

11

Piaget described a scheme as a psychological structure that
Answer

organizes experience.

is used in language but not thought.

we lose as we age.

is only found in those with a set of personal values.

organizes experience

12

Piaget saw equilibration as a balance between
Answer

primary and secondary circular reactions.

assimilation and accommodation.

thought and language.

social and cognitive skills

assimilation & accomodation

13


Piaget argued that the first reactions by newborns were
Answer

indicators of an innate understanding of appearance as reality.

abstract.

indicators of an innate understanding of object permanence.

reflexive.

reflexive

14

The defining characteristic of centration is _____ thought.
Answer

abstract

narrowly focused

a lack of object permanent

overextension

narrowly focused thought

15

The conservation of liquid task directly assesses a child’s level of
Answer

intelligence.

habituation.

animism.

centration.

centration

16

Which is the best example of habituation?
Answer

turning your head to listen to a passing jet

tasting sushi for the first time and liking it

focusing your eyes on one of those “3-D” art pictures until the 3-D image pops into view

being bothered by the feel of a watch the first time it is on your wrist and then getting so used to it that you forget it's there

being bothered by the feel of a watch the first time it is on your wrist and then getting so used to it that you forget it's there

17

Pavlov’s research involving a dog, salivation, and a bell is correctly associated with _____ theory.
Answer

operant conditioning

information-processing

classical conditioning

Piagetian

classical conditioning

18

Improvements in infant memory that occur around 6 months after birth may be the result of development in the _____ area of the brain.
Answer

hippocampus

frontal cortex

hypothalamus

occipital lobe

hippocampus

19

The _____ principle of counting states that there must be only one number name for each item counted.
Answer

one-to-one

stable-order

habituation

cardinality

one-to-one

20


While attempting to correctly answer this question, you notice that you are mentally commenting to yourself about the level of difficulty of this question. Vygotsky would refer to these internal mental remarks as
Answer

private speech.

scaffolding.

an orienting response.

overextension.

private speech