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Flashcards in Chapter 4 Deck (20):
1

Major triad

perfect 5th (7 semitones) above root
major 3rd (4 semitones) above root
root

2

Minor triad

perfect 5th (7 semitones) above root
minor 3rd (3 semitones) above root
root

3

Augmented triad

augmented 5th (8 semitones) above root
major 3rd (4 semitones) above root
root

4

Diminished triad

diminished 5th (6 semitones) above root
minor 3rd (3 semitones) above root
root

5

Primary triad

Any major or minor triad in which the root is a primary note (1,4,5,(8))

6

Secondary triad

All other triads (2,3,6,7)

7

Major scales: diatonic triads

Augmented: none
Major: 1, 4, 5
Minor: 2, 3, 6
Diminished: 7

8

Minor scales: diatonic triads

Augmented: 3
Major: 5, 6
Minor: 1, 4
Diminished: 2, 7

9

What note to double

Root position: root
1st inversion:
-primary chords: root
-secondary chords: bass note (3rd)
2nd inversion: bass note (5th)

10

Voicing chords in chorale style

Soprano - Alto: = octave
Alto - Tenor = octave
Tenor - Bass = octave + 5th

11

Vocal ranges

Soprano: middle C - high A (13th)
Alto: Ab below middle C - treble space E (12th)
Tenor: bass staff C - treble line G (12th)
Bass: low Eb - D above middle C (14th)

12

Triads and chords: figured base root (minimum)

None

13

Triads and chords: figured base 1st inversion (minimum)

6

14

Triads and chords: figured base 2nd inversion (minimum)

6
4

15

dominant 7th chords: figured base root (minimum)

7

16

dominant 7th chords: figured base 1st inversion (minimum)

6
5

17

dominant 7th chords: figured base 2nd inversion (minimum)

4
3

18

dominant 7th chords: figured base 3rd inversion (minimum)

4
2

19

An accidental before a figured base number indicates...

... that the note is raised (#) or lowered (b)

20

In dominant 7th chords (minor keys), the ____ of the figured base will always be ______.

3rd, raised.

root: # below 7
1st: none (because raised note is bass note
2nd: add 6 to top, # in front of 6
3rd: # in front of 4