Chapter 4 Flashcards Preview

Nutrition > Chapter 4 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 4 Deck (19):
1

Most desirable form of energy for your nervous system

130 gms to function

2

Plants=

Glucose by photosynthesis

3

Simple Carbohydrates

Monosaccharides
Disaccharides

4

What are the 3 Monosaccharides?

Glucose
Fructose
Galactose

5

Maltose

Glucose+Glucose

6

Sucrose (table sugar)

Glucose + fructose

7

Lactose (milk sugar)

Glucose +galactose

8

What is Fiber?

The part of the plant that we eat but cannot digest

9

What is Glycogen?

Provides energy when it has been longer than 4 hours since your last meal

10

What are grains?

Important staple and source of nutrition

11

People with a deficiency of the enzyme lactase can’t

Digest lactose properly

12

Insulin

Is released by the pancreas in response to high blood glucose levels after a carbohydrate heavy meal

13

Glucose in excess of immediate energy needs will be stored into

Glycogen in liver and muscle

14

Minimum amount of carbohydrates

DRI 130 grams per day

15

DRI requirement

14gms of fiber per 1000 calories to promote heart health

16

What should never be given to children younger than one year of age

Honey

17

Sugar Alcohol is also know as

Xylitol

18

Result in long term damage

Eye damage
Blindness
Kidney damage
Infections
Leg foot amputations

19

Type 2 Diabetes

Insulin is produced but cells are not using it producing cells are exhausted pancreas decreases and medication and or insulin required