Chapter 4-Intro To Medical Terminology, Himan Anatomy, And Lifespan Development Flashcards Preview

Emergency Medical Responder > Chapter 4-Intro To Medical Terminology, Himan Anatomy, And Lifespan Development > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 4-Intro To Medical Terminology, Himan Anatomy, And Lifespan Development Deck (78):
1

Stomato

Mouth

2

Dento

Teeth

3

Glosso/linguo

Tongue

4

Gingivo

Gums

5

Encephalo

Brain

6

Gastro

Stomach

7

Entero

Intestine

8

Colo

Large intestine

9

Procto

Anus/rectum

10

Hepato

Liver

11

Nephro/Rene

Kidney

12

Orchido

Testis

13

Oophoro

Ovary

14

Hystero

Uterus

15

Dermo

Skin

16

Masto/mammo

Breast

17

Osteo

Bones

18

Cardio

Heart

19

Cysto

Bladder

20

Rhino

Nose

21

Phlebo/veno

Veins

22

Pneumo/pulmo

Lung

23

Help/emia

Blood

24

Arterio

Artery

25

Brady

Slow

26

Cardio

Heart

27

Hemo

Blood

28

Hyper

Over, above,beyond

29

Hypo

Below,under

30

Naso

Nose

31

Neuro

Nerve

32

Oro

Mouth

33

Tachy

Rapid

34

Thermo

Heat

35

Vaso

Blood vessel

36

Ectomy

To cut out, remove

37

Graphs/graph

Recording an imagine

38

Gram

The image

39

Itis

Inflammation

40

Ology/ologist

To study, specialize in

41

Osis

Abnormal condition

42

Ostomy

To make an opening

43

Otomy

To cut into

44

Scopy/scopic

To look, observe

45

Emia

Blood

46

Anatomy

The study of body structure

47

Anatomical position

The standard reference position for the body in the study of anatomy, the body is standing upright (erect), facing the observer, arms are down at the sides and the palms of the hands facing forward

48

Anterior

The front of the body of body part

49

Posterior

The back of the body or body part

50

Midline

An imaginary vertical line used to dived body into right and left halves

51

Medial

Toward the midline of the body

52

Lateral

To the side, away from the midline of the body

53

Superior

Toward the head

54

Inferior

Toward the feet

55

Proximal

closer to the torso

56

Distal

Farther away from the torso

57

Supine

The patient is lying face up

58

Prone

The patient is lying face down

59

Lateral recumbent (recovery position)

Patient is lying on his side

60

Semi-flowers position

Patient is sitting at an angle

61

Tredelenburg position

Patient supine at an angle with feet elevated

62

Physiology

The function of the body and its systems

63

Four major body cavities

Cranial
Thoracic
Abdominal
Pelvic

64

Thoracic cavity

The anterior body cavity that is above (superior) to the diaphragm also called the chest cavity

65

Diaphragm

The muscular structure that divides the chest cavity from the abdominal cavity

66

Abdominal cavity

The anterior body cavity that extends from the diaphragm to the pelvic cavity

67

Pelvic cavity

The anterior body cavity surrounded by the bones of the pelvis

68

Abdominal quadrants

Four divisions of the abdomen used to pinpoint locations of pain or injury: right upper quadrant (RUQ)-liver gallbladder, part of small and large intestines
Left upper quadrant (LUQ)-stomach, spleen, part of small and large intestines and part of liver
Right lower quadrant (RLQ)- appendix and part of small and large intestines
Left lower quadrant (LLQ)- part of the small and large intestines

69

Palpate

To examine by feeling with ones hands

70

Perfusion

The supply (flow) of well oxygenated blood and nutrients (content) to all body systems, especially the vital organs and the removal of waste

71

Respiratory system

Primary structures associated with the respiratory (ventilatory) system include the nose, mouth , trachea , lungs , bronchi, bronchioles, alveoli, and associated muscles related to breathing. Responsible for the exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide

72

Circulatory system

Primary structures include the heart, blood vessels, and blood

Two sides- arterial system that carries oxygenated bloods to the body and he venous system that returns unoxygenated blood to the heart and lungs

Main job- to carry well oxygenated blood and other nutrients to the body's cells and assist with the removal of waste and carbon dioxide from the cells

73

Musculoskeletal system

Primary structures include the bonds, muscles , tendons and ligaments

Main function-is to provide structure, support and protection for the body and internal organs and allow for the body movement

Responsible for he production of disease fighting white blood cells

74

Nervous system

Primary structures include brain, spinal cord, and nervous that extend out to all parts of the body

Main function- to control movement, interpret sensations, regulate body activities and generate memory and thought

75

Digestive system

Primary structures are the esophagus , stomach , liver, pancreas, small intestine and large intestine

Main function- to properly break down the food we easy so it can be absorbed through the intestines and used for food and energy for cells

76

Reproductive system

Primary structures include testes and penis for male and the ovaries, Fallopian tubes, uterus, and vagina for female

This system produces hormones needed for sexual reproduction. In females it contains structures necessary for the gestation and development of a human fetus

77

Urinary system

Primary structures include kidneys, ureters, bladder, and urethra

Main functions is to remove chemical wastes from the body and help balance water and salt levels in blood

78

Integumentary system

Largest organ in the body is the skin

Covers the body's many tissues , organs and systems

Protects body from heat and cold as well as from toxins in environment, such as bacteria and other foreign organisms

Regulates body temperature and senses heat, cold, touch, pain and pressure

Regulates body fluids and chemical balance

Includes skin, nails, hair, sweat glands, oil gland, and mammary glands