Chapter 4 lesson 1 - Mexico Wins its Freedom Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 4 lesson 1 - Mexico Wins its Freedom Deck (18):
1

People born of Spanish parents in Mexico that were not treated as equals of people born in Spain

Criollos

2

What did Mexicans want from the Spanish rule?

Independence or freedom

3

People of both European and Indians heritage

Mestizos

4

The Spanish speaking people of Alta California

Californios

5

For 11 years the colonists in Mexico fought against

Spain

6

In 1818 sailors from a Spanish colony in South American burned?

the capital at Monterey to fight for Mexican independence

7

Mexico won its independence in what year?

1821

8

What happened after independence was won in Mexico?

Mexican leaders wanted to get rid of everything from old Spanish government

9

How did new laws change life in California?

ships from other countries were able to sail into harbors and trade

10

Why did the new Mexican government want to end the mission system in Alta California?

The mission had become too powerful and reminded them of the Spanish rule and they controlled much of the land in California

11

secularization

end of church rule of the missions

12

Mexican's hoped secularization would?

help Indian's and add to California's population.

13

Indians' got what from secularization?

little mission land

14

mission land after secularization went to?

Californios and new settlers

15

What did Indians who kept their land after secularization lack?

tools and animals needed for farming

16

After the missions closed the indians did what?

tried to return to old lands but they changed during spanish settlement because the land had been taken over by others

17

why couldn't the Indians return to be hunters and gathers?

they had learned Spanish ways of life and agriculture.

18

what did the Indians so after the close of the missions?

worked for the Californios and new settlers