Flashcards in Chapter 4 Lesson 2 - Rise of the Rancho Economy Deck (18):
gifts of lands to settlers
what did people have to do to get a land grant?
send a letter to the government explaining why they wanted the land and promise to bring cattle or other animals to live on the land
what is diseno?
a design or hand drawn map showing boundaries of the land grant
who got the land grants under the Spanish rule?
wealthy people and friends and family of the government
Who could own land under the Mexican government?
people who would accept the Catholic religion and become Mexican citizens
Who did most of the land grants go to
white men but women and Indian men could also get.
what is a rancho?
a cattle ranch
what is on a rancho
owners house, crop fields and cattle and horse pastures
why did ranchos need alot of land?
to produce alot of grass for the cattle to eat
who was pio pico?
ranch owner whose father traveled north from Mexico to California in 1801. He was the last governor of Mexican California
what is a hacienda?
main house built around an open courtyard
what is a veranda?
a porch that than inside of the courtyard walls
how did land grants help California economy?
helped the population grow and trade increased.
How did the Mexican laws help the California economy?
allowed trade with other countries. Trading ships from US, Britain and other parts of the world came to California ports
what is barter
to trade one kind of item for another
what is tallow
animal fat that was used to make soap and candles
what did Californians trade hides and tallow for?
goods that they could not grow themselves