Chapter 4 Lesson 2 - Rise of the Rancho Economy Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 4 Lesson 2 - Rise of the Rancho Economy Deck (18):
1

land grants

gifts of lands to settlers

2

what did people have to do to get a land grant?

send a letter to the government explaining why they wanted the land and promise to bring cattle or other animals to live on the land

3

what is diseno?

a design or hand drawn map showing boundaries of the land grant

4

who got the land grants under the Spanish rule?

wealthy people and friends and family of the government

5

Who could own land under the Mexican government?

people who would accept the Catholic religion and become Mexican citizens

6

Who did most of the land grants go to

white men but women and Indian men could also get.

7

what is a rancho?

a cattle ranch

8

what is on a rancho

owners house, crop fields and cattle and horse pastures

9

why did ranchos need alot of land?

to produce alot of grass for the cattle to eat

10

who was pio pico?

ranch owner whose father traveled north from Mexico to California in 1801. He was the last governor of Mexican California

11

what is a hacienda?

main house built around an open courtyard

12

what is a veranda?

a porch that than inside of the courtyard walls

13

how did land grants help California economy?

helped the population grow and trade increased.

14

How did the Mexican laws help the California economy?

allowed trade with other countries. Trading ships from US, Britain and other parts of the world came to California ports

15

what is barter

to trade one kind of item for another

16

what is tallow

animal fat that was used to make soap and candles

17

what did Californians trade hides and tallow for?

goods that they could not grow themselves

18

what did trading ships have to do to trade at harbors in California?

send small boats to land to trade hides