Chapter 4 Outline Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 4 Outline Deck (27):
1

Geneva

Refuge for Protestants

2

Politiques

Rulers place state's success above all (Elizabeth most successful)

3

Huguenot

French Protestant

4

Battle of Pavia

King Francis 1 captured by Charles V

5

Edict of Fountainbleu

Protestants to inquisition

6

3 families seeking power

1. Bourbons
2. Montmorency-Chatillions
3. Guises

7

Catherine de Medici

Regent for son Charles I
Protestant ally
Always feared Guises
Led St Bartholomew Day Massacre

8

St Bartholomew Day Massacre

20,000 Huguenots killed in 3 days

9

John Knox

Scots reformer

10

Henry III

Last Henry II's sons
Supported by neutral Catholics and Huguenots
Peace of Beaulieu: almost guaranteed Protestant freedom

11

Henry of Navarre

Paris is worth a mass= abandons Protestantism

12

Edict of Nantes

Recognized Huguenot rights in an official Catholic country

13

Philip II

Heir to Hapsburg kingdom
Son of Charles V
Escorial: palace
Inherits Portugal throne= great sea power

14

Maragaret of Parma

Philip regent for Netherlands

15

Cardinal Gravelle

Council of State: stop spread of Protestantism

16

William of Orange

Led opposition to Spanish control
Removed Cardinal Granvelle from office
Leader of movement for independence of Netherland from Spain
The Apology: Philip II is a tyrant

17

The Compromise

Pledge resistance to decrees Council of Trent and Inquisition

18

The pacification of Ghent

United Netherlands
Version of Peace of Augsburg

19

Perpetual Edict

Signed by Don John
Removal of all Spanish troops in Netherlands in 20 days
Country given to William of Orange

20

Mary I

Married Philip II
Catholic practices
Executed many Protestants

21

Elizabeth I

Mary's successor and half sister
Daughter of Anne Boleyn
Episcopal system: Protestant doctrine and Catholic ritual
Anglican Church**
Excommunicated for Heresy by pope

22

Mary Stuart Queen of Scots

Margaret's granddaughter
Married King Francis II
Catholic---> illegal in Scotland
Flees to England
James VI (son)
House arrest 19 yrs: threat to throne of Elizabeth
Executed by order of Elizabeth

23

The Conventicle Act

Opinion to conform to Church of England or die

24

The Armada

English wind = victory
Spain never fully recovered

25

Thirty Years War

Last religious war
Catholic vs Protestant
Lutheran (more successful) vs Calvanist
Calvanist fighting for recognition as a real religion in Peace of Augsburg

26

Four Periods of War

1. Bohemian
2. Danish
3. Swedish
4. Swedish French

27

Treaty of Westphalia

Ended all hostilities in HRE
French
Canceled Edict of Restitution and reasserted Peace of Augsburg
Establish competitive nationalism
Ended thirty years war