Chapter 4 (Part 1) - Skeletal System Flashcards Preview

Medical Terminology > Chapter 4 (Part 1) - Skeletal System > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 4 (Part 1) - Skeletal System Deck (49):
1

ankyl/o

stiff joint

2

arthr/o

joint

3

articul/o

joint

4

burs/o

sac

5

carp/o

wrist

6

cortic/o

outer portion

7

kyph/o

hump

8

lamin/o

lamina of the vertebrae

9

lumb/o

lower back, loin

10

medull/o

inner portion

11

myel/o

bone marrow, spinal cord

12

orth/o

straight

13

ped/o

children, foot

14

prosthet/o

addition

15

pub/o

pubis

16

sarc/o

flesh (muscular substance)

17

scoli/o

crooked, bent

18

spondyl/o

vertebrae

19

synovi/o

synovial membrane

20

tars/o

ankle

21

-blast

immature, embryonic

22

-clasia

to surgically break

23

-desis

stabilize, fuse

24

-listhesis

slipping

25

-porosis

porous

26

Ilium

The most superior crest of the hip bone

27

Ishium

the most inferior crest of the hip bone

28

Osseous Tissue

Bone

29

Ossification

Process of building bone

30

Cancellous Bone

Spongey bone

31

Corticol Bone

Hard bone

32

Diaphysis

Long central shaft of the bone

33

Epiphysis

Widening on each end of bone

34

Medullary Cavity

Open canal in the diaphysis of the bone

35

Periosteum

CT membrane around the bone

36

Condyle

Smooth, rounded portion at the end of a bone

37

Epicondyle

Projection at the top or above of a condyle

38

Trochanter

Large rough process for the attachment of a muscle

39

Tubercle

Small rough process for the attachment of a tendon or muscle

40

Tuberosity

Large rough process that allows for the attachment of a muscle

41

Axial Skeleton

Skull, spine, and thoracic cage

42

Appendicular Skeleton

Appendages, pelvic girdle, and pectoral girdle

43

Innominate Bone

"Hipbone"

44

Bursa

Sac-like structure in some joints

45

Callus

Mass of bone tissue that forms on a fracture during healing

46

Crepitation

The noise made by bone or cartilage rub together

47

FX, fx

fracture

48

LE

Lower Extremity

49

UE

Upper Extremity