Chapter 4. Prefixes - Medical Terms Flashcards Preview

Language of Medicine > Chapter 4. Prefixes - Medical Terms > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 4. Prefixes - Medical Terms Deck (88)
Loading flashcards...
1

abductor

muscle that leads a limb away from the body

2

adductor

muscle that leads a limb toward the body

3

adrenal glands

endocrine glands above the kidney

4

anabolism

process of building up proteins in cells

5

analysis

separation of a substance into various parts

6

anoxia

without oxygen

7

ante cibum

before meals

8

anteflexion

bending forward

9

antepartum

before birth

10

antibiotic

against life (germ life), things given to combat bacteria

11

antibody

proteins made by white blood cells to destroy antigens

12

antigen

substance (protein) that stimulates the production of antibodies

13

antisepsis

destruction of microorganisms to prevent infection

14

antitoxin

substance produced against a toxin (poison); an antibody

15

apnea

without breathing

16

autoimmune disease

antibodies that are produces against an individual's own normal cells

17

benign

non-cancerous

18

bifurcation

branching or forking into two parts

19

bilateral

pertaining to both or two sides

20

bradycardia

slow heartbeat, usually less than 60 beats per minute

21

congenital anomaly

abnormality present at birth; birth defect

22

connective tissue

tissue that supports and binds other tissues and parts, examples are bones, cartilage, muscle, or fibrous tissue

23

contraindication

a factor that prohibits the administration of a drug or procedure in the care of a patient

24

contralateral

affecting the opposite side of a part of the body

25

dehydration

excessive loss of water

26

dialysis

separation of nitrogenous wastes from the blood when the kidneys no longer function

27

diameter

distance between opposite parts on the circumference of a structure

28

diarrhea

the frequent passage of watery, loose stools

29

dysplaisa

condition of abnormal formation

30

ectopic pregnancy

a pregnancy that is outside the uterus

Decks in Language of Medicine Class (49):