Chapter 4 sec 2 quiz (lexington and Concord) Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 4 sec 2 quiz (lexington and Concord) Deck (74):
1

pontiac's rebellion

uprising of Ottawa, Huron, Potawatomi, and other Indian groups against the british in the spring of 1763

2

proclamation of 1763

order issued by King george to close the region west of the Appalachian mountain to all settlement by colonists

3

stamp act

law that placed a tax on newspapers, pamphlets, legal documents, and most other printed materials

4

boycott

a refusal to certain products or use of certain services

5

boston massacre

the incident of the british sending over troops to put down violent resistance that led to the killing of five colonists

6

first continental congress

where committees of Correspondence in several colonies called for a meeting to plan a united response to the developments

7

battles of lexington and concord

battle between the militia and British troops that led to the burning of all their goods and the death of many back in Boston

8

revolutionary war

the war sparked after the battles of lexington and concord

9

why did the british want to put a tax on everything

because they were in a heavy debt

10

what did the british do to try and escape this debt

noticing that colonies in america were prospering, he placed different forms of taxes on everything.

11

when was the sugar act

1764

12

who was in charge of the sugar act and what was his job

George greenville; it is going to be his job to get all the money that they needed from debt

13

what was the sugar act

tax placed on sugar and molasses because colonists are british subject/
colonists protest and smuggle sugar and molasses

14

what type of tax was the sugar act

an indirect tax

15

what were the two types of taxes

diret taxes and indirect taxes

16

direct taxes

taxes you pay and you know exactly what you are paying/ hard to change excuse people know what they are paying

17

indirect taxes

taxes that are figured into the price of an object so you don't know what your paying/ easy to change since people don't know what they are paying in the first place

18

how much did the sugar acts reduce the price of molasses by

one half

19

what was the colonists reaction to the sugar act

since this was an indirect tax most colonists did not know the law existed so they did not care

20

what was the quartering acts about

the housing of the soldiers

21

why was the quartering acts put into place

Britain thought that it was going to save them money

22

what was the stamp act

a tax placed on any printed materials

23

when was the stamp act issued

march 1765

24

when did the stamp act go into affect

november 1st 1765

25

what happened to the people who were in charge of stamping everything

they were tarred and feathered

26

what type of tax was the stamp act

a direct tax

27

what were the colonies three forms of reaction

sons of liberty
letter to the king
colonial boycott

28

who was apart of the sons of liberty

sam adams
james otis
other people

29

who was the leader of the sons of liberty

sam adams

30

what was the letter to the king

you cannot tax us because they are not part of the British parliament

31

what is the saying (caramia)

no taxation without representation

32

stamp act congress

colonies are going to get together to talk about the stamp act and what they should do about it; end up repealing it

33

what did britain have to say to the stamp act congress

they passed the Declaratory act and made it clear that they are the authority

34

what was the townsend acts

used to raise revenue;/
used in paint, paper, tea, glass, and led

35

who was the townsend acts named after

charles townsend

36

when were the townsend acts

1767

37

when the townsend acts were over and done with, what item remained on it

tea

38

direct representation

they need to live in the area that you represent

39

indirect representation

in england there was a representative for all colonies (from england)

40

why did the tax on tea remain

to show their authority

41

what happens because they keep tea under the tax

they resort to coffee

42

when was the boston massacre

march 5th 1770

43

where did the bosotn massacre happen

outside the customs house

44

what aren't i going to do?

make flashcards on everything little thing that happened in the boston massacre

45

who became the lawyer for the british

john adams

46

who was the captain of the british during the boston massacre

captain preston

47

who was the lt. gov. for mass

thomas Hutchinson

48

who said what really happened at the boston massacre while in court

richard palms

49

what did palms say

• Asked if he had the intention to fire among the crowd
 Preston responded that he would be foolish to so
• Also says that Preston was standing in front of his men, not behind like they say
• The words to fire were said after the first shot was fired

50

what happened to the british

finds britain not guilty

51

what was the committees of Correspondance

committees formed in every colony that would keep all of the colonies apprised of the situation that was going on

52

who formed the committee

john adams and james otis

53

when was the boston tea party

december 1773

54

after the boston tea party where does the tea have to be taken from

east india company

55

how many cases of tea were destroyed

344 cases

56

what did britain do after the boston tea party

the intolerable acts (coercive acts)

57

when did the intolerable acts happen

spring of 1774

58

what were the intolerable acts

britain said they are going to close the port of boston until all of the tea was paid for

59

what was the quebec acts

britain said that the border of Canada is dropped to the Ohio valley, so now the Ohio valley is higher, so the British own it because it is on their land
the colonists had already spread themselves westward so all that land that they had over there was no longer there’s because it was taken away through this acts

60

what did the colonists do after the intolerable and quebec acts

called together the first continental congress

61

where did the first continental congress meet

carpenters hall in Philadelphia on september 5th of 1774

62

what was the only colony that did not go to the first continental congress

georgia because they had a lot of people living their that were still loyal to the king

63

how many delegates were there

50

64

what did the congress suggest

that each colony raise its militia even more than before because it wasn't going to be long before it all turned into warfare

65

what was the declaration of resolves

something the congress drew up; was asking the king, again, to consider compromising with the colonies

66

what was the last thing that the congress decided

they would meet in may 1755 if the situation did not get any better (second continental congress{when the declaration of independence was written})

67

when was the battle of lexington and concord

april 18-19 1775

68

what were the battles known as

known as the show heard round the world

69

who fired the shot "heard round the world"

no one knows

70

what did paul revere do

warned everyone that the british were coming

71

who wins the battle at lexington

the british duh

72

how many british soldiers are killed and wounded

269

73

what did George Washington say

that either they are going to live their lives as slaves to the british, or the land of America would be drenched in blood

74

how many pounds of debt did the british have

144 pounds of debt