Chapter 4 Section 4+5 Flashcards Preview

General Psychology > Chapter 4 Section 4+5 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 4 Section 4+5 Deck (21):
1

six taste sensations

sweet, sour, bitter, salty, spicy, umami

2

taste buds

chemical sensors on tongue in mouth

3

olfactory membrane

10 - 20 million receptor signals in upper nasal passage

4

olfactory receptor cells

topped with tentacle things that contain sensory proteins

5

four basic touch sensation

pressure, hot, cold, pain

6

proprioception

ability to sense position and movements of our body parts

7

vestibular system

a set of liquid-filled areas in the inner ear that monitors the head's position and movement, maintaining the body's balance. semicircular canals and vestibular sacs

8

gate control theory of pain

proposes that pain is determined by the operation of two types of nerve fibers in the spinal cord. one set of smaller nerves carries pain up the spinal cord, another larger set regulates the flow.

9

sensory interaction

the working together of different senses to create experience

10

McGurk effect

error in perception that occurs when we misperceive sounds because the audio and video parts of speech are mismatched

11

synesthesia

an experience in which one sensation creates experiences in another

12

selective attention

the ability to focus on some sensory inputs while tuning out others

13

cocktail party phenomenon

unconscious monitoring of the world around us

14

sensory adaptation

a decreased sensitivity to a stimulus after prolonged and constant exposure

15

saccades

tons of tiny movements every minute of eye

16

perceptual constancy

the ability to perceive a stimulus of constant despite changes in its sensation

17

illusions

occur when the perceptual processes that normally help us correctly perceive the world around us are fooled by a particular situation so that we see something that does not exist or that is incorrect

18

mueller-lyer illusion

arrow looks longer than >-----<

19

moon illusion

50% bigger near horizon because there are things to compare it with

20

ponzo illusion

lines in receding railroad tracks, look different lengths but are not

21

embodied

when our perceptions become built into and linked with our cognition