Chapter 4: Skeletal Abbreviations and Drugs Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 4: Skeletal Abbreviations and Drugs Deck (37):
1

calcium

Ca

2

degenerative joint disease

DJD

3

fracture

Fx

4

joint

jt

5

long arm cast

LAC

6

long leg cast

LLC

7

nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs

NSAIDs

8

osteoarthritis

OA

9

rheumatoid arthritis

RA

10

short arm cast

SAC

11

traction

Tx

12

________ drugs relieve the swelling, redness, and pain of inflammation

anti-inflammatory

13

_________ are steroid substances with potent anti-inflammatory effects

corticosteroids

14

_________ is a low-dose form of methotrexate approved for rhuematoid arthritis

Rheumatrex

15

_________ are agents that relieve pain without causing loss of consciousness

analgesics

16

_______ _____ prevent of relieve rheumatism

antirheumatic drugs

17

a bone-forming cell

osteoblast

18

an air cavity within certain bones

sinus

19

the ridge on a bone

crest

20

osteocarcinoma

cancerous tumor of a bone

21

duct

to lead

22

A _____ is an opening in the bone for blood vessels, ligaments, and nerves

foramen

23

A _____ is a tubelike passage or canal

meatus

24

A _____ is a very large process of the femur.

trochanter

25

A _____ is a small, rounded process

tubercle

26

A _____ is a large, rounded process

tuberosity

27

A ______ is a rounded process that enters into the formation of a joint, articulation

condyle

28

A _____ is a pointed, sharp, slender process

spine

29

cartilage cells

chondrocytes

30

inflammation of a joint

arthritis

31

_____ is the process of moving a body part away from the middle

abduction

32

abnormal curvature of the spine

lordosis

33

acr

extremity, point

34

The _____ curve is the first seven vertebrae

cervical

35

The ______ curve is the next twelve vertebrae

thoracic

36

The _____ curve is the next five vertebrae

lumbar

37

The _____ curve consists of the sacrum and coccyx

sacral