Chapter 4: Skeletal Medical Terms and Movements Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 4: Skeletal Medical Terms and Movements Deck (40):
1

medical term for 'big toe'

hallux

2

medical term for 'pertaining to the heel bone'

calcaneal

3

the medical term for a fingerprint

dactylogram

4

________ is also known as pes planus

flatfoot

5

the medical term for 'pertaining to a rib'

costal

6

the bones of the ankle are called

tarsals

7

a condition that results in reduction of bone mass

osteoporosis

8

_____ is the process of moving a body part toward the middle

adduction

9

_____ is the process of moving a body part in a circular motion

circumduction

10

______ is the process of turning outward

eversion

11

______ is the process of turning inword

inversion

12

______ is the process of straightening a flexed limb

extension

13

_______ is the process of lying prone or face downward

pronation

14

________ is the process of lying face upward

supination

15

_______ is the process of moving a body part forward

protraction

16

_______ is the process of moving a body part backward

retraction

17

______ is the process of moving a body part around a central axis

rotation

18

_____ is an inflammation of the bursa

bursitis

19

A ______ fracture is one that occurs at the lower end of the fibula and medial malleolus of the tibia with dislocation of foot outward and backward

Pott's

20

the normal thoracic curvature becomes exaggerated producing a "humpback" appearance. This condition may be caused by a congenital defect, a disease process, or osteoporosis

kyphosis

21

_______ is characterized by an abnormal lateral curvature of the spine and usually appears in adolescence during periods of rapid growth

scoliosis

22

______ or ______ fractures are completely internal; they do not involve a break in skin

closed or simple

23

_____ or ______ fractures, project through the skin; they are most dangerous because of the possibility of infection or uncontrolled bleeding

open or compound

24

_______ fractures shatter the affected area into a multitude of bony fragments

comminuted

25

_____ is the process of bending a limb

flexion

26

_____ is the process of bending a body part backward

dorsiflexion

27

the shaft of a long bone

diaphysis

28

the ends of a developing bone

epiphyses

29

the membrane that forms the covering of bones

periosteum

30

the dense, hard layer of bone tissue

compact bone

31

narrow space throughout the length of the diaphysis

medullary cavity

32

tough, connective tissue membrane

endosteum

33

spongy bone, reticular tissue

cancellous

34

does not permit movement

synarthrosis

35

permits very slight movement

amphiarthrosis

36

allows free movement

diarthrosis

37

the medical term for knock-knee

genu valgum

38

In a ______ fracture, only one side of the shaft is broken, and the other is bent; this usually occurs in children whose long bones have yet to fully ossify

greenstick

39

A ______ fracture is a break in the distal portion of the radius; it is often the result of reaching out to cushion a fall.

Colles'

40

a protrusion (herniation) of the brain from the skull

craniocele