Chapter 4: The Abdomen pt 2 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 4: The Abdomen pt 2 Deck (142)
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1

-the largest visceral organ in the body
-in the right hypochondrium and epigastric regions
-has diaphragmatic and visceral surfaces

the liver

2

-smooth and domed
-Associated with it are the subphrenic and hepatorenal recesses

diaphragmatic surface

3

part of the peritoneal cavity

hepatorenal recess

4

are continuous anteriorly

The subphrenic and hepatorenal recesses

5

divided into to right and left areas by the falciform ligament

subphrenic recess

6

covered by visceral peritoneum, except in the fossa for the gallbladder and the porta hepatis (gateway to the liver)

visceral surface of liver

7

serves as the point of entry for the portal vein, exit point for the hepatic ducts

porta hepatis

8

attaches the liver to the abdominal wall

The falciform ligament

9

covered in visceral peritoneum except for the bare area

liver

10

connect the liver to the stomach (hepatogastric ligament), duodenum (hepatoduodenal ligament), the diaphragm (left and right triangular ligament and anterior and posterior coronary ligaments)

Additional folds of the peritoneum

11

divided into right and left lobes by the fossa for the gallbladder and the inferior vena cava

liver

12

arise from the right lobe but are functionally distinct

quadrate and caudate lobes

13

made up of the neck, body, and fundus

gallbladder

14

what is the liver supplied by?

the right and left hepatic arteries, both of which arise from the hepatic artery proper

15

what is the gallbladder supplied by?

supplied by the cystic artery from the right hepatic artery

16

secondarily retroperitoneal (except for a small part of the tail)

pancreas

17

lies in the C-shaped concavity of the duodenum

head of pancreas

18

project off the head of the pancreas

uncinate process and neck

19

distal from the head of the pancreas

body and tail

20

-begins in the tail and passes through the body into the head
-joins the bile duct and forms the hepatopancreatic ampulla which enters the duodenum at the major duodenal papilla

pancreatic duct

21


empties into the duodenum via the minor duodenal papilla

accessory pancreatic duct

22

what is the arterial supply to the pancreas?

***ultimately arises from the celiac trunk
-common hepatic and
splenic branches which
feed the pancreas

23

-drain respective lobes of the liver
-combine to form the common hepatic duct

right and left hepatic ducts

24

joins the cystic duct and forms the bile duct

common hepatic duct

25

drains into the duodenum

bile duct

26

produced in the liver and stored in the gallbladder until it is needed in the duodenum

bile

27

-develops as part of the vascular system in the dorsal mesentery
-lies against the diaphragm and stomach and is therefore found in the upper left quadrant

spleen

28

-attached to the greater curvature of the stomach by the gastrosplenic ligament and to the left kidney by the splenorenal ligament
-covered in visceral peritoneum except for the hilum

spleen

29

-the entry point for the splenic vessels
-Occasionally the tail of the pancreas reaches this area

hilum of the spleen

30

what is the arterial supply of the spleen?

comes from the splenic artery which comes off the celiac trunk