Chapter 4: The self, Identity, emotion, and personality Flashcards Preview

Adolescent Psychology > Chapter 4: The self, Identity, emotion, and personality > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 4: The self, Identity, emotion, and personality Deck (15):
1

Self

all characteristics of a person

2

self-understanding

an individual's cognitive representation of the self; the substance and content of self conceptions (different roles)

3

possible self

what individuals might become, what they would like to become and what they are afraid of becoming

4

self-esteem

self-worth or self image; the global evaluative dimension of the self (overall, or general)

5

self-concept

domain specific evaluations of the self (academic, physical, athletic, etc.)

6

Narcissism

a self-centered and self-concerned approach towards others

7

Identity

who a person is, representing a synthesis and integration of self-understanding

8

Psychosocial moratorium

Erikson's term for the gap between childhood security and adult autonomy (5th stage: identity vs. identity confusion)

9

Individuality

SELF ASSERTION (ability to communicate point of view) & SEPARATENESS (communicating expressions of uniqueness)

10

Connectedness

mutuality (respect for others' views) and permeability (openness to others' views)

11

Emotion

a feeling, or affect, that occurs when a person is in a state or an interaction that is important to the individual, especially to his or her well being

12

Personality

the enduring personal characteristics of individuals
Mischel argued that personality varies according to the situation

13

Temperament

an individual's behavior style and characteristic way of responding

14

Ethnic Identity

an enduring, basic aspect of the self that includes a sense of membership in an ethnic group and the attitudes and feelings related to that membership

15

Bicultural Identity

Identity formation that occurs when adolescents identify n some ways with their ethnic group and in other ways with the majority culture