Chapter 4- Training/Conditioning Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 4- Training/Conditioning Deck (28):
1

A quick stretch

Ballistic stretch

2

Weight lifting is what type of exercise

anaerobic

3

long distance running is what type of exercise

aerobic

4

there is no change in muscle length in this contraction

isometric

5

defined range of motion

flexibility

6

aka a stretched muscle

antagonist

7

your body adapting to demands

overload

8

this produces movement

agonist

9

one repetition maximum

strength

10

a repetitive muscle contraction

endurance

11

this is an increase in muscle size

hypertrophy

12

this means "speed play"

fartlek

13

this means alternating periods of work

interval

14

this is a decrease in muscle size

atrophy

15

What is the "SAID" principle?

specific
adaptation to
imposed
demands

16

what is strength versus power

strength: the maximum force exerted
power: is the maximum lift

17

Purposes of a warm up?

raises body temperature
it reduces injury

18

What is an isometric resistance device?

an object that doesn't move

19

what is an example of an isotonic resistance device?

free weights

20

what is an example of an isokinetic resistance device

cybex

21

What helps improve endurance

enduring pain, discomfort, and fatigue

22

Why is flexibility important

decreases the risk of injury

23

does the heart get bigger or smaller in a workout?

bigger

24

when is the most dangerous time of an athletic competitive season?

the first 3-4 weeks

25

Is a passive or an active cool down better?

active

26

How to delay soreness

do a gradual warm up

27

what is soreness vs stiffness

soreness deals with circulation and stiffness deals with fluids

28

how to implement the overload principle?

resistance
reps of sets
rate/duration