Chapter 5 Flashcards Preview

Psychology > Chapter 5 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 5 Deck (13):
0

Learning

A relatively permanent change in behavior, knowledge , capability , or attitude that is acquired through experience and cannot be attribution to illness, injury, or maturation.

1

Classical conditioning

A type of learning through which an organism learns to associate one stimulus with another. " Pavlovian conditioning or respondent conditioning"

2

Stimulus

"Stimuli" is an event or object in the environment to which an organism responds

3

Who is Ivan Pavlov

Noble prize winner in 1904 , first time Russia received an honor, conducted classic experiments on the physiology of digestion .

4

Unconditioned response (ur)

A response that is elicited by an unconditioned stimulus without prior learning .

5

Unconditioned stimulus (us)

A stimulus that elicits a specific unconditioned response without prior learning.

6

Conditioned response (cr)

The leArned response that comes to be elicited by a conditioned stimulus as a result of it's repeated pairing with an unconditioned stimulus .

7

Conditioned stimulus (cs)

A neutral stimulus that, after repeated pairing with an unconditioned stimulus, because associated with it and elicits a conditioned response.

8

Higher order conditioning

Conditions that occurs when conditioned stimuli are linked together to form a series of signals

9

Extinction

In classical conditioning , the weakening and eventually disappearance of the conditioned response as a result of repeated presentation of the conditioned stimulus without the unconditioned stimulus.

10

Spontaneous recovery

The reappearance of an extinguished response (in a weaker form ) when an organism is exposed to the original conditioned stimulus following a rest period.

11

Generalization

In classical conditioning, the tendency to make a conditioned response to a stimulus that is similar to the original conditioned stimulus .

12

Discrimination

The learned ability to distinguish between similar stimuli so that the conditioned response occurs only to the original conditioned stimulus but not to similar stimuli.