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Flashcards in Chapter 5 Deck (36):
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republic

a form of government in which citizens elect their leaders

1

legion

large groups of Roman soldiers

2

found

to create or set up something such as a city; to set up or establish; established or took the first steps in building

3

involve

to include

4

occur

to happen

5

eventual

taking place at an unnamed later time; later; final or ultimate;

6

devote

to give one's time, effort, or attention earnestly

7

benefit

to receive help; to gain

8

acquire

to get possession of something; to get as one’s own

9

patricians

the ruling class of ancient Rome

10

plebeians

ordinary citizens in ancient Rome

11

consul

head of a government, usually with a limited term in office

12

veto

to reject

13

praetor

Roman government officials who interpreted the law and served as a judge

14

tribune

an elected Roman official who protects the rights of ordinary citizens

15

dictator

a person with absolute power to rule

16

civic duty

the idea that citizens have a responsibility to help their country

17

legislature

a group of people who make the laws

18

reluctantly

hesitantly or unwillingly

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assume

to take for granted to be true

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intensify

to become stronger

21

innovation

the introduction of something new

22

latifundia

large farming estates

23

triumvirate

three rulers who share equal political power

24

transform

to change the structure of; to bring about a large and widespread change

25

professional

relating to a type of job that usually requires training and practice

26

civil

of or relating to citizens; relating to the state or government

27

enable

to make possible

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Pax Romana

Roman peace

29

proconsul

a governor

30

inspect

to look over carefully

31

distribute

to divide into shares and deliver the shares to different people; to give or deliver to members of a group

32

contrast

the act of comparing by looking at differences

33

capable

able, competent

34

successor

one that comes after; one who follows, especially to an office, title, or throne

35

aqueduct

a conduit or artificial channel for conducting water from a distance, usually by means of gravity.