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Flashcards in Chapter 5 Deck (65)
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1

Practice that helps reduce the number & spread of microorganisms

Medical asepsis

2

Complete removal of microorganisms and their spores from the surface of an object

Surgical asepsis

3

Absolute killing of all life forms
Reduces the probability of acquiring an infection to zero

Sterilization

4

Most frequently used method of sterilization

Heat

5

Which is much more effective and rapid at killing than dry heat
Involves using steam under pressure
Quickest, most convenient & most commonly used method

Moist heat

6

Device used to sterilize using moist heat

Autoclave

7

Oven with a higher temperature

Dry heat

8

As many microorganisms as possible are eliminated from surfaces by physical or chemical means

Disinfection

9

Which are not destroyed by disinfection

Spores

10

Which Objects or surfaces that cannot be sterilized

Tables, floors, walls, equipment

11

When the skin is disinfected

Antiseptics

12

Disinfection Categorized as:

High level/Intermediate level/Low level (iodine, Betadine, Hydrogen peroxide …)

13

Items to be sterilized or disinfected are

Critical, Semicritical & noncritical
Based on risk of infection for the patient

14

Surgical asepsis refers to the removal of:

Microorganisms and their spores

15

What is the autoclave method of sterilization?

Steam under pressure/moist steam

16

Procedures require use of sterile technique

Monogram/Audiogram

17

Purpose of surgical zones

Help to decrease infections
Must practice @ all times in sterile environment
3 zones

18

Street clothing
Entrance to surgery department

Zone 1 or Unrestricted

19

Scrub clothing with hair & shoe covers
Hallways of the surgery department

Zone 2 or Semi-restricted

20

Attire scrub attire
Hair, shoe coverings & a mask

Zone 3 or Restricted

21

Who needs a mask?

All member who is entering the surgical suite
Must remain on while in the surgical suite.

22

How to wear a mask?

It must cover the nose and mouth without gapping.
Ties (behind head) must not cross as this may create venting
Worn for one procedure and then discarded.

23

Mask Consider

Highly contaminated
Good for 15 minutes.
Never place the mask around your neck for reuse.
When removing, handle mask by the ties only Discard mask in a trash receptacle.

24

If you are wearing a mask for a surgical procedure that has just finished and you are about to head to another surgical room for another procedure, should you wear the same mask?

NO

25

Equipment & Supplies

Must be packaged in a particular manner to be considered “safe” for use.
Stored in a particular manner to protect from contamination
Equipment remains in surgical area

26

Imaging equipment must be clean

With a disinfectant solution prior to entering the surgical suite. (clean @ room only)

27

Door of Surgical Suite

Kept closed during the procedure
Allow only who involved with the procedure
NO Traffic in and out
NO Conversation except physician

28

If the sterility of an object is questionable?

It is not sterile

29

Sterile people movement

Not lean on table/wall
Must pass another back to back
Keep hands above waist & front chest

30

Sterile field

Created just before use.
Ends @ the level of the tabletop or @ the waist of the sterile person’s gown (not corner)