Flashcards in Chapter 5 Deck (65)
Practice that helps reduce the number & spread of microorganisms
Complete removal of microorganisms and their spores from the surface of an object
Absolute killing of all life forms
Reduces the probability of acquiring an infection to zero
Most frequently used method of sterilization
Which is much more effective and rapid at killing than dry heat
Involves using steam under pressure
Quickest, most convenient & most commonly used method
Device used to sterilize using moist heat
Oven with a higher temperature
As many microorganisms as possible are eliminated from surfaces by physical or chemical means
Which are not destroyed by disinfection
Which Objects or surfaces that cannot be sterilized
Tables, floors, walls, equipment
When the skin is disinfected
Disinfection Categorized as:
High level/Intermediate level/Low level (iodine, Betadine, Hydrogen peroxide …)
Items to be sterilized or disinfected are
Critical, Semicritical & noncritical
Based on risk of infection for the patient
Surgical asepsis refers to the removal of:
Microorganisms and their spores
What is the autoclave method of sterilization?
Steam under pressure/moist steam
Procedures require use of sterile technique
Purpose of surgical zones
Help to decrease infections
Must practice @ all times in sterile environment
Entrance to surgery department
Zone 1 or Unrestricted
Scrub clothing with hair & shoe covers
Hallways of the surgery department
Zone 2 or Semi-restricted
Attire scrub attire
Hair, shoe coverings & a mask
Zone 3 or Restricted
Who needs a mask?
All member who is entering the surgical suite
Must remain on while in the surgical suite.
How to wear a mask?
It must cover the nose and mouth without gapping.
Ties (behind head) must not cross as this may create venting
Worn for one procedure and then discarded.
Good for 15 minutes.
Never place the mask around your neck for reuse.
When removing, handle mask by the ties only Discard mask in a trash receptacle.
If you are wearing a mask for a surgical procedure that has just finished and you are about to head to another surgical room for another procedure, should you wear the same mask?
Equipment & Supplies
Must be packaged in a particular manner to be considered “safe” for use.
Stored in a particular manner to protect from contamination
Equipment remains in surgical area
Imaging equipment must be clean
With a disinfectant solution prior to entering the surgical suite. (clean @ room only)
Door of Surgical Suite
Kept closed during the procedure
Allow only who involved with the procedure
NO Traffic in and out
NO Conversation except physician
If the sterility of an object is questionable?
It is not sterile
Sterile people movement
Not lean on table/wall
Must pass another back to back
Keep hands above waist & front chest