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Flashcards in Chapter 5 Deck (65):
0

What is a political party?

A group of people who seek to control government by winning elections and holding public office

1

What are the 5 functions of a political party?

1. Nominating Function
2. Informer-Stimulator Function
3. Bonding Agent Function
4. Governmental Function
5. Watchdog Function

2

What is the Nominating Function?

The party chooses candidates

3

What is the Informer-Stimulator Function?

1. Party informs the public about issues and the candidate's position on it.
2. Stimulates interest in the campaign

4

What is the Binding Agent Function?

Ensures the good performance of its office holders/ candidates

5

What basis does the Governmental Function hold?

Partisan

6

What is the Watchdog Function?

Watching over the public's business.

7

Why do we have a Two Party System?

History and Tradition

8

What is the Electoral System?

"Single-member district pattern": winner takes all

9

What is the American Idealogical Consensus?

Both patriots share the same basic political principles

-Democracy, freedom, etc.

10

What are the 3 major things of the Two Party System?

1. History and Traditions
2. Electoral System
3. American Idealogical Consensus

11

What was the Federalist progression throughout history?

Federalists➡️Whigs➡️Republicans

12

What was the Anti-Federalist progression in history?

Republican➡️Democrat➡️Democrat

13

What 6 things determine party membership?

1. Family
2. Major Events
3. Economic Status
4. Age
5. Residence
6. Education

14

Which people are more likely to vote democrat?

Poor people and higher class people

15

Which people are more likely to vote republican?

Middle class people

16

People who were in college during "The New Deal" era were more likely to vote what?

Democrat

17

New England Areas (NY, RI, etc.) and big cities (Chicago, New York, etc.) are more likely to vote...

Democrat

18

The South and people out in the Country are more likely to vote for a

Republican

19

Regarding education, people with a HS diploma or less, AND people with a PhD or Doctorate, tend to vote which way?

Democrat

20

People with a college degree tend to vote which way?

Republican

21

What types of areas and people are more likely to vote democrat?

1. Urban Areas
2. Labor Unions
3. Jews
4. Catholics
5. Black Americans

22

What types of areas and people are more likely to vote republican?

1. Rural Areas/Small Towns
2. Small business owners
3. Evangelicals

23

What are the 6 major reasons people don't vote?

1. Apathy
2. Limitations on voting (age, register, etc.)
3. "Their vote won't make a difference"
4. Uninformed
5. Weather (dem. are less likely to vote in bad weather)
6. Against their principles

24

Who is the head of a political party?

The president

25

What does the National Chairman do and who appoints him?

Runs the day to day affairs of the party/Public Relations Fundraising.
Appointed by the president.

26

Who makes up the National Committee?

People from the different states- Serves as the Board of Directors

27

When is the National Convention held?

Every 4 years

28

Who is included in the National Convention?

Delegates from the ALL of the different states

29

What are the 2 main functions of the National Convention?

1. Nominate the Presidential/ VP candidates
2. Write the Party's Platform (position on different issues)

30

What is the purpose of the Congressional Campaign Committee?

1. Reelect incumbents
2. Elect challengers

31

What is the purpose of a Third Party?

To force the 2 major parties to take a stand on a controversial issue

32

What is the goal of Third Parties?

1. Play the Spoiler Role
2. Take away the majority vote from 1 of the 2 major parties

33

What are the 4 types of 3rd Parties?

1. Idealogical
2. Single-Issue
3. Economic Protest
4. Splinter

34

What do the Idealogical 3rd parties believe in? What group of people are an ideal example?

A certain set of beliefs

Communists

35

What do the Single-Issue 3rd parties come from? What is an example of a Single-Issue Party?

They develop around a single issue

Free Soil Party

36

When do the Economic Protest 3rd parties arise?

During periods of economic hardships- they disappear afterwards

37

What are Splinter 3rd Parties?

People who break away from a major party and form around a strong personality

38

Who was the major person in the Free Soil Party?

Martin Van Buren

39

Who was the major person in the Greenback Party?

James Weaver

40

Who was the main person of the Populous Party?

William Jennings Bryan

41

Who was the main person of the Socialist Party?

Eugene Debbs

42

Who was the main person of the Bull Moose (Progressive) Party?

Teddy Roosevelt

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Who was the main person behind the States Rights (Dixiecrats) Party?

Storm Thurmond

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Who was the main person in the American Independence Party?

George Wallace

45

Who was the main person for the Reform Party?

Ross Perot

46

What are the 4 functions of the State and Local Party?

1. Build an effective organization
2. Promote unity
3. Find candidates
4. Provide campaign funds

47

What does the Electoral Process do?

Nomination of those who will seek office

48

What are the 3 types of nomination?

1. Self Announcement
2. Caucus (group of like-minded people who meet to select candidates)
3. Convention (Presidential Nomination) (AntiMason Party of 1831)

49

What is the Coattail Effect?

Having a strong candidate at the top of the ticket helps attract voters to the other candidates

50

What are the 4 types of Primary Systems?

1. Direct Primary
2. Run-Off Primary
3. Non-Partisan Primary
4. Contested Primary

51

What is a Direct Primary?

An election held within a party to pick the candidates for the general election

52

What are two examples of a Direct Primary Election?

1. Closed Primary- only party members can participate
2. Open Primary- all voters can participate (don't declare party membership until Election Day)

53

What is a Run-Off Primary Election?

Absolute majority (50+% of the votes) (top 2 vote-getters)

54

What is a Non-Partisan Primary Election?

Where candidates are not identified by their political parties

55

What is a Contested Primary Election?

Where 2 or more candidates are running for the same office

56

What are the federal responsibilities in elections?

1. Setting the date for federal elections (1st Tuesday of Nov.)
2. Guarantee a secret ballot
3. Regulate campaign finance

57

What is a ballot?

A device by which a voter registers a choice in an election

58

What is the Australian Ballot?

A secret ballot

59

What is the Office-Group ballot? (TN has this)

Where candidates for each office are grouped together

60

What is the Party Column Ballot? (AKA the Indiana Ballot)

Ballot where candidates are listed by party

61

What are the 2 voting options?

1. Straight Ticket
2. Ticket Splitting

62

What is meant by "Voting the Straight Ticket"?

Voting for all the candidates of a particular party

63

What is "Ticket Splitting"?

Voting for candidates from more than 1 party

64

What are the 3 reasons voting is a symbol of democracy?

1. Choose our leaders
2. We determine the legitimacy of government
3. Influences of public policy