Flashcards in Chapter 5 Deck (65):
What is a political party?
A group of people who seek to control government by winning elections and holding public office
What are the 5 functions of a political party?
1. Nominating Function
2. Informer-Stimulator Function
3. Bonding Agent Function
4. Governmental Function
5. Watchdog Function
What is the Nominating Function?
The party chooses candidates
What is the Informer-Stimulator Function?
1. Party informs the public about issues and the candidate's position on it.
2. Stimulates interest in the campaign
What is the Binding Agent Function?
Ensures the good performance of its office holders/ candidates
What basis does the Governmental Function hold?
What is the Watchdog Function?
Watching over the public's business.
Why do we have a Two Party System?
History and Tradition
What is the Electoral System?
"Single-member district pattern": winner takes all
What is the American Idealogical Consensus?
Both patriots share the same basic political principles
-Democracy, freedom, etc.
What are the 3 major things of the Two Party System?
1. History and Traditions
2. Electoral System
3. American Idealogical Consensus
What was the Federalist progression throughout history?
What was the Anti-Federalist progression in history?
What 6 things determine party membership?
2. Major Events
3. Economic Status
Which people are more likely to vote democrat?
Poor people and higher class people
Which people are more likely to vote republican?
Middle class people
People who were in college during "The New Deal" era were more likely to vote what?
New England Areas (NY, RI, etc.) and big cities (Chicago, New York, etc.) are more likely to vote...
The South and people out in the Country are more likely to vote for a
Regarding education, people with a HS diploma or less, AND people with a PhD or Doctorate, tend to vote which way?
People with a college degree tend to vote which way?
What types of areas and people are more likely to vote democrat?
1. Urban Areas
2. Labor Unions
5. Black Americans
What types of areas and people are more likely to vote republican?
1. Rural Areas/Small Towns
2. Small business owners
What are the 6 major reasons people don't vote?
2. Limitations on voting (age, register, etc.)
3. "Their vote won't make a difference"
5. Weather (dem. are less likely to vote in bad weather)
6. Against their principles
Who is the head of a political party?
What does the National Chairman do and who appoints him?
Runs the day to day affairs of the party/Public Relations Fundraising.
Appointed by the president.
Who makes up the National Committee?
People from the different states- Serves as the Board of Directors
When is the National Convention held?
Every 4 years
Who is included in the National Convention?
Delegates from the ALL of the different states
What are the 2 main functions of the National Convention?
1. Nominate the Presidential/ VP candidates
2. Write the Party's Platform (position on different issues)
What is the purpose of the Congressional Campaign Committee?
1. Reelect incumbents
2. Elect challengers
What is the purpose of a Third Party?
To force the 2 major parties to take a stand on a controversial issue
What is the goal of Third Parties?
1. Play the Spoiler Role
2. Take away the majority vote from 1 of the 2 major parties
What are the 4 types of 3rd Parties?
3. Economic Protest
What do the Idealogical 3rd parties believe in? What group of people are an ideal example?
A certain set of beliefs
What do the Single-Issue 3rd parties come from? What is an example of a Single-Issue Party?
They develop around a single issue
Free Soil Party
When do the Economic Protest 3rd parties arise?
During periods of economic hardships- they disappear afterwards
What are Splinter 3rd Parties?
People who break away from a major party and form around a strong personality
Who was the major person in the Free Soil Party?
Martin Van Buren
Who was the major person in the Greenback Party?
Who was the main person of the Populous Party?
William Jennings Bryan
Who was the main person of the Socialist Party?
Who was the main person of the Bull Moose (Progressive) Party?
Who was the main person behind the States Rights (Dixiecrats) Party?
Who was the main person in the American Independence Party?
Who was the main person for the Reform Party?
What are the 4 functions of the State and Local Party?
1. Build an effective organization
2. Promote unity
3. Find candidates
4. Provide campaign funds
What does the Electoral Process do?
Nomination of those who will seek office
What are the 3 types of nomination?
1. Self Announcement
2. Caucus (group of like-minded people who meet to select candidates)
3. Convention (Presidential Nomination) (AntiMason Party of 1831)
What is the Coattail Effect?
Having a strong candidate at the top of the ticket helps attract voters to the other candidates
What are the 4 types of Primary Systems?
1. Direct Primary
2. Run-Off Primary
3. Non-Partisan Primary
4. Contested Primary
What is a Direct Primary?
An election held within a party to pick the candidates for the general election
What are two examples of a Direct Primary Election?
1. Closed Primary- only party members can participate
2. Open Primary- all voters can participate (don't declare party membership until Election Day)
What is a Run-Off Primary Election?
Absolute majority (50+% of the votes) (top 2 vote-getters)
What is a Non-Partisan Primary Election?
Where candidates are not identified by their political parties
What is a Contested Primary Election?
Where 2 or more candidates are running for the same office
What are the federal responsibilities in elections?
1. Setting the date for federal elections (1st Tuesday of Nov.)
2. Guarantee a secret ballot
3. Regulate campaign finance
What is a ballot?
A device by which a voter registers a choice in an election
What is the Australian Ballot?
A secret ballot
What is the Office-Group ballot? (TN has this)
Where candidates for each office are grouped together
What is the Party Column Ballot? (AKA the Indiana Ballot)
Ballot where candidates are listed by party
What are the 2 voting options?
1. Straight Ticket
2. Ticket Splitting
What is meant by "Voting the Straight Ticket"?
Voting for all the candidates of a particular party
What is "Ticket Splitting"?
Voting for candidates from more than 1 party