Flashcards in Chapter 5 Deck (41):
What does salutary neglect mean?
Not strictly enforcing laws.
Why did England place a number of taxes (acts) against the colonists?
They were trying to pay off war debts from the French & Indian War.
What is smuggling?
Importing or Exporting without paying taxes
What was George Grenville’s first action in the colonies?
Fighting smuggling by authorizing the Writs of Assistance.
What are the writs of assistance?
Court document allowing customs officers to enter any location to search for smuggled goods.
How was the Sugar Act supposed to stop smuggling?
The Sugar Act lowered the tax on molasses to try and convince people to stop smuggling. (1764)
What was the problem for the colonists with the Sugar Act?
It contradicts British law of "Innocent until proven guilty"
What was the Stamp Act?
A tax on almost all printed material in the Colonies.
Who persuaded the House of Burgesses to take action against the Stamp Act?
What was the name of the settlement created between the Holston and Nolichucky Rivers by regulators that lost at the Battle of Alamance?
Wautauga (Modern day Elizabethton)
Who owned the ship Liberty?
What event did the Colonists use as an example of propaganda?
The Boston Massacre
What is information designed to influence opinion?
How many people were killed at the Boston Massacre?
What Acts were repealed due to the Boston Massacre?
The Townshend Acts
What occurs when only one company controls a product?
What event was a response to the Tea Act of 1773?
The Boston Tea Party
During the time of the Boston Tea Party most colonists considered themselves to be part of what empire?
The British Empire
As a punishment for the Boston Tea Party, what did King George III impose upon Massachusetts?
He passes the Coercive Acts (Intolerable Acts) (1774)
What were these acts called by the colonists?
The Intolerable Acts
Were the Coercive Acts successful in isolating Boston?
No, other colonies sent food and clothing to Massachusetts to support them.
What is the name of the best militias in Massachusetts?
The Minutemen (Ready to fight on a minute's notice)
What was Paul Revere famous for shouting?
"The Regulars are Out (Coming)"
What battle featured the “shot heard ‘round the world?”
Battle at Lexington, MA
Who was under command of the colonial troops at Bunker Hill?
What is his famous quote from this battle?
"Don't fire until you see the whites of their eyes."
What did the British find out after the Battle of Bunker Hill?
Defeating the Americans wouldn't be quick or easy.
Who were people who considered the unfair taxes upon the colonies not good reasons to rebel?
Who were determined to fight the British until independence is gained?
Who headed up the first post office in America?
What was created by the Second Continental Congress to better organize military efforts?
The Continental Army
What expressed the colonists desire for peace?
The Olive Branch Petition
What pamphlet did Thomas Paine write?
What does Paine believe the colonies should be a refuge from?
Tyrants and Persecution
Who wrote the Declaration of Independence?
What day was the Declaration of Independence accepted/approved?
July 4, 1776
What was the purpose of the Declaration of Independence?
To explain why the colonies chose to form a new nation (Breakup Letter)
Who was the first person to sign the Declaration of Independence?
What is the introduction of the Declaration of Independence called?
Did the Declaration of Independence explain why the colonies chose to form a new nation?