Flashcards in Chapter 5 Deck (41):
What does salutary neglect mean?
Not strictly enforcing most laws
Why did England place a number of taxes (acts) against the colonists?
To help pay off war debts
What is smuggling?
Importing or exporting without paying taxes
What was George Grenville’s first action in the colonies? (To combat what?)
To fight smuggling
What are the writs of assistance?
Documents that permitted searches by custom officers looking for smuggled goods
How was the Sugar Act supposed to stop smuggling?
It lowered tax on molasses
What was the problem for the colonists with the Sugar Act? (What British law was contradicted?)
British officers were allowed to seize goods from smugglers without going to court
What was the Stamp Act?
Placed a tax on almost all printed material in the colonies
Who persuaded the House of Burgesses to take action against the Stamp Act?
What was the name of the settlement created between the Holston and Nolichucky Rivers by regulators that lost at the Battle of Alamance?
Who owned the ship Liberty?
What event did the Colonists use as an example of propaganda?
The Boston Massacre
What is information designed to influence opinion?
How many people were killed at the Boston Massacre?
What Acts were repealed due to the Boston Massacre?
What occurs when only one company controls a product?
What event was a response to the Tea Act of 1773?
During the time of the Boston Tea Party most colonists considered themselves to be part of what empire?
As a punishment for the Boston Tea Party, what did King George III impose upon Massachusetts?
Created the Coercive Acts
What were these acts called by the colonists?
Were the Coercive Acts successful in isolating Boston?
What is the name of the best militias in Massachusetts?
What was Paul Revere famous for shouting?
"The Regulars Are Out"
What battle featured the “shot heard ‘round the world”?
Battle at Lexington
Who was under command of the colonial troops at Bunker Hill?
What is his famous quote from this battle?
"Don't fire until you see the whites of their eyes"
What did the British find out after the Battle of Bunker Hill?
Defeating the Americans wouldn't be quick or easy
Who were people who considered the unfair taxes upon the colonies not good reasons to rebel?
Who were determined to fight the British until independence is gained?
Patriots or rebels
Who headed up the first post office in America?
What was created by the Second Continental Congress to better organize military efforts?
The Declaration of Independence
What expressed the colonists desire for peace?
The Olive Branch Petition
What pamphlet did Thomas Paine write?
What does Paine believe the colonies should be a refuge from?
Tyrants and persecution
Who wrote the Declaration of Independence?
What day was the Declaration of Independence accepted/approved?
July 4, 1776
What was the purpose of the Declaration of Independence?
To explain why the colonies chose to form a new nation
Who was the first person to sign the Declaration of Independence?
What is the introduction of the Declaration of Independence called?
Did the Declaration of Independence explain why the colonies chose to form a new nation?