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Flashcards in Chapter 5 Deck (41):
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What does salutary neglect mean?

American history term that refers to an unofficial and long-lasting 17th- & 18th-century British policy of avoiding strict enforcement of parliamentary laws, meant to keep the American colonies obedient to England.

1

Why did England place a number of taxes (acts) against the colonists?

To lower the price of goods

2

What is smuggling?

Importing or exporting without paying taxes

3

What was George Grenville’s first action in the colonies? (To combat what?)

Fighting smuggling

4

What are the writs of assistance?

Documents that permitted searches by customs officers looking for smuggling goods.

5

How was the Sugar Act supposed to stop smuggling?

Lowered the taxes of molasses to prevent smuggling to stop.

6

What was the problem for the colonists with the Sugar Act? (What British law was contradicted?)

The British law of innocent until proven guilty.

7

What was the Stamp Act?

Placed a tax on almost all printed material in the colonies.

8

Who persuaded the House of Burgesses to take action against the Stamp Act?

Patrick Henry

9

What was the name of the settlement created between the Holston and Nolichucky Rivers by regulators that lost
at the Battle of Alamance?

Watauga settlement

10

Who owned the ship Liberty?

John Hancock

11

What event did the Colonists use as an example of propaganda?

The boston massacre

12

What is information designed to influence opinion?

Propaganda

13

How many people were killed at the Boston Massacre?

5 people

14

What Acts were repealed due to the Boston Massacre?

Townshend acts

15

What occurs when only one company controls a product?

Monopoly

16

What event was a response to the Tea Act of 1773?

The boston tea party

17

During the time of the Boston Tea Party most colonists considered themselves to be part of what empire?

British empire

18

As a punishment for the Boston Tea Party, what did King George III impose upon Massachusetts?

Coercive acts

19

What were these acts called by the colonists?

Intolerable acts

20

Were the Coercive Acts successful in isolating Boston?

Not successful

21

What is the name of the best militias in Massachusetts?

Minutemen

22

What was Paul Revere famous for shouting?

Warns the Patriots by shouting the regulars are out.

23

What battle featured the “shot heard ‘round the world”?

The battle of Lexington

24

Who was under command of the colonial troops at Bunker Hill?

William Prescott

25

What is his famous quote from this battle?

Don't fire until you see the white of their eyes.

26

What did the British find out after the Battle of Bunker Hill?

That defeating the Americans wouldn't be quick or easy.

27

Who were people who considered the unfair taxes upon the colonies not good reasons to rebel?

Loyalists

28

Who were determined to fight the British until independence is gained?

Patriots (rebels)

29

Who headed up the first post office in America?

Benjamin Franklin

30

What was created by the Second Continental Congress to better organize military efforts?

Continental army

31

What expressed the colonists desire for peace?

Olive branch petition

32

What pamphlet did Thomas Paine write?

Common sense

33

What does Paine believe the colonies should be a refuge from?

From tyrants and persecution

34

Who wrote the Declaration of Independence?

Thomas Jefferson

35

What day was the Declaration of Independence accepted/approved?

July 4, 1776

36

What was the purpose of the Declaration of Independence?

To explain why the colonies chose to form a new nation

37

Who was the first person to sign the Declaration of Independence?

John Hancock

38

What is the introduction of the Declaration of Independence called?

Preamble

39

Did the Declaration of Independence explain why the colonies chose to form a new nation?

No

40

What was rung on July 8, 1774 at the first public reading of the Declaration of Independence?

The liberty bell