Flashcards in Chapter 5 Deck (41):
What does salutary neglect mean?
Not strictly enforcing most laws
Why did England place a number of taxes (acts) against the colonists?
So they could pay back their (French and Indian) war debts.
What is smuggling?
Importing or exporting goods without paying taxes
What was George Greenville's first action in the colonies. (To combat what?)
What are the writs of assistance?
Documents that permitted searches by customs officers looking for smuggled goods
How was the Sugar Act supposed to stop smuggling?
It lowered the tax on molasses
What was the problem for the colonists with the Sugar Act? (What British law was contradicted?)
The British law "innocent until proven guilty" was contradicted because British officers were allowed to seize goods from smugglers without going to court
What was the Stamp Act?
It placed a tax on almost all printed material in the colonies
Who persuaded the House of Burgesses to take action against the Stamp Act?
What was the name of the settlement created between the Holster and Nolichucky Rivers by regulators that lost at the battle of Alamance?
Ho owned the ship Liberty?
What event did the colonists use as an example of propaganda?
The Boston Massacre
What is information designed to influence opinion?
How many people died in the Boston Massacre?
5 people were killed
What acts were repealed due to the Boston Massacre?
The Townshed acts
What occurs when only one company controls a product?
What event was a response to the Tea Act of 1773?
The Boston Tea Party
During the time of the Boston Tea Party most colonists considered themselves to be part of what empire?
The British Empire
As a punishment for The Boston Tea Party, what did King George III impose upon Massachusetts?
What were these acts called by the colonists?
The Introlerble Acts
Were the Coercive Acts successful in isolating Boston?
What is the name of the best militias in Massachusetts?
What was Paul Revere famous for shouting?
"The Regulars are out"
What battle featured "the shot heard around the world."
The Battle of Bunker Hill
Who was under command of the colonial troops at Bunker Hill
What is the famous quote from this battle?
"Don't fire until you see the whites of their eyes"
What did the British find out at the Battle of Bunker Hill?
That defeating the Americans wouldn't be quick or easy
Who were people who considered the unfair taxes upon there colonies not good reasons to rebel?
Who were determined to fight the the British until Independence was won?
Who headed up the first post office in America?
What was created by the Second Continental congress to better organize military efforts?
The Continental Army
What expressed the colonists desire for peace?
The Olive Branch Petition
What pamphlet did Thomas Paine write?
What does Paine believe the colonists should be a refuge from?
From tyrants and persecution
Who wrote the Declaration of Independence?
What day was the Declaration of Independence accepted/approved?
July 4th 1776
What was the purpose of the Declaration of Independence?
To explain why the colonists chose to form a new nation
Who was the first person to sign the Declaration of Independence?
What is the introduction of the Decalration of Independence called?
Did the Declaration of a independence explain why the colonists wanted to form a new nation?