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Flashcards in Chapter 5 Deck (41):
0

What does salutary neglect mean?

Not strictly enforcing most laws

1

Why did England place a number of taxes (acts) against the colonists?

So they could pay back their (French and Indian) war debts.

2

What is smuggling?

Importing or exporting goods without paying taxes

3

What was George Greenville's first action in the colonies. (To combat what?)

Fighting smuggling

4

What are the writs of assistance?

Documents that permitted searches by customs officers looking for smuggled goods

5

How was the Sugar Act supposed to stop smuggling?

It lowered the tax on molasses

6

What was the problem for the colonists with the Sugar Act? (What British law was contradicted?)

The British law "innocent until proven guilty" was contradicted because British officers were allowed to seize goods from smugglers without going to court

7

What was the Stamp Act?

It placed a tax on almost all printed material in the colonies

8

Who persuaded the House of Burgesses to take action against the Stamp Act?

Patrick Henry

9

What was the name of the settlement created between the Holster and Nolichucky Rivers by regulators that lost at the battle of Alamance?

Watauga

10

Ho owned the ship Liberty?

John Hancock

11

What event did the colonists use as an example of propaganda?

The Boston Massacre

12

What is information designed to influence opinion?

Propaganda

13

How many people died in the Boston Massacre?

5 people were killed

14

What acts were repealed due to the Boston Massacre?

The Townshed acts

15

What occurs when only one company controls a product?

A Monopoly

16

What event was a response to the Tea Act of 1773?

The Boston Tea Party

17

During the time of the Boston Tea Party most colonists considered themselves to be part of what empire?

The British Empire

18

As a punishment for The Boston Tea Party, what did King George III impose upon Massachusetts?

Coercive Acts

19

What were these acts called by the colonists?

The Introlerble Acts

20

Were the Coercive Acts successful in isolating Boston?

No

21

What is the name of the best militias in Massachusetts?

Minuteman

22

What was Paul Revere famous for shouting?

"The Regulars are out"

23

What battle featured "the shot heard around the world."

The Battle of Bunker Hill

24

Who was under command of the colonial troops at Bunker Hill

William Prescott

25

What is the famous quote from this battle?

"Don't fire until you see the whites of their eyes"

26

What did the British find out at the Battle of Bunker Hill?

That defeating the Americans wouldn't be quick or easy

27

Who were people who considered the unfair taxes upon there colonies not good reasons to rebel?

Loyalists (Tories)

28

Who were determined to fight the the British until Independence was won?

Patriots (rebels)

29

Who headed up the first post office in America?

Benjamin Franklin

30

What was created by the Second Continental congress to better organize military efforts?

The Continental Army

31

What expressed the colonists desire for peace?

The Olive Branch Petition

32

What pamphlet did Thomas Paine write?

Common Sense

33

What does Paine believe the colonists should be a refuge from?

From tyrants and persecution

34

Who wrote the Declaration of Independence?

Thomas Jefferson

35

What day was the Declaration of Independence accepted/approved?

July 4th 1776

36

What was the purpose of the Declaration of Independence?

To explain why the colonists chose to form a new nation

37

Who was the first person to sign the Declaration of Independence?

John Hancock

38

What is the introduction of the Decalration of Independence called?

The preamble

39

Did the Declaration of a independence explain why the colonists wanted to form a new nation?

Yes

40

What was rang on July 8th, 1776 at the first public reading of the Declaration of Independence?

The Liberty Bell